User:Roger A. Lohmann/sandbox

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"There isn't anything fun to do. Let's go play in the sandbox."

Anon. (Age 8)

Article Ideas, Fragments, etc

Modern House

"Modern House" refers to a residential dwelling or structure incorporating some or all of a number of "modern" features, including any or all of the following incorporated into the original design and construction:

Electrical wiring, outlets and small and large appliances
Indoor plumbing, particularly running water and sewage service for the removal of human and household wastes
Piped in 'natural gas' for cooking or heating
Central heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC)
Modern kitchen facilities such as electric or gas stoves for cooking, ovens, refrigeration and freezers for food storage
Garages or carports designed for automobiles
"Open plan" design features, such as:
- Absence of walls between functional areas
- Curtain (non-load bearing) walls
- Archways, pass throughs and counters
- More and larger windows and glass expanses (including window walls)
- "Family rooms", dens or recreation rooms

Modern houses also use new or innovative building materials including:

Plywood and various processed (kiln-dried, chemically treated, et. al.) wood products
Plastics and synthetic materials for pipes, counters, insulation and waterproofing foundations and many other features
Wall board rather than lathe and plaster walls
Latex paints

Modern houses also tend to use innovative construction techniques including:

Flat pitched roofs with wider overhangs
Cantilevered porches
Single-story designs emphasizing horizontal
Eight foot to three meter ceiling heights rather than higher (12 foot to 4 meter) ceilings

To incorporate or retrofit any of these modern features into an older house (e.g., to bring running water, indoor plumbing, or electricity into an older farm house) is frequently referred to as "modernizing" it.

Individual modern houses may also be part of larger multi-house complexes built simultaneously, concurrently or sequentially, known as estates, tracts, developments, suburbs, or subdivisions. Sometimes such developments are derisively called "mass produced" housing.

Modern houses also tend to be characterized by the absence of certain features such as:

Carriage houses or barns for horses
Hitching posts
Porte corcheres
Separate rooms or wings for "live in" servants or employees
Parlors and specialized rooms for "receiving" guests

Origins of The Modern House

Architecturally, the international origins of the modern house can be traced to a variety of influences, notably two architects the American Frank Lloyd Wright and the French architect Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris, better known as Le Corbusier and a host of less celebrated architects of the Bauhaus, Prairie School, and International Style

W.G. Sebald

Winfried Georg Sebald (usually identified as W.G. Sebald) was born May 18, 1944 in Wertach, Allegau, Germany and died December 14, 2001 in Norfolk, England.

The following list are for articles that need to be written by someone:

List of Communitarians

(One of the things that unites nearly all communitarians is that they deny that's what they are! The label is attributed by others).

List of Neoconservatives

Needed Articles


Title Composer/Librettist Setting Main Characters Date
First Produced
Annie Get Your Gun Irving Berlin Annie Oakley, "Buffalo Bill" Cody 1946 1950
Aspects of Love Andrew Lloyd Webber 1948 1948 1948
Cats Andrew Lloyd Webber 1900 1900
Evita Andrew Lloyd Webber Argentina 1900
Meet Me In St. Louis Irving Brecker/Fred Finklehoffe Worlds Fair of 1904 The Smith family 1944
My Fair Lady Edwardian London 1900
New York, New York 1900 1900
Oklahoma Richard Rodgers/Oscar Hammerstein Jr. Oklahoma Territory Curley McLain, Laurey Williams 1941 1955
Pal Joey 1900
Private Lives Noël Coward London 1930
Phantom of the Opera Andrew Lloyd Webber Paris Opera, Paris Sewer 1941 1943
The Sound of Music Austria 1900 1900
South Pacific Richard Rodgers/Oscar Hammerstein Jr. WWII in Pacific 1949 1958
State Fair Richard Rodgers/Oscar Hammerstein Jr. Iowa State Fair The Frake family 1996 1945
West Side Story Leonard Bernstein 1900 1900
Wonderful Town NYC 1900 1900
Where’s Charley? 1900
The King and I Siam 1900
Guys and Dolls Broadway 1900
London Calling Noel Coward London Willy & George Craft 1923
Kiss Me Kate
A Chorus Line
No No Nanette
Jesus Christ, Superstar Tom Rice/Andrew Lloyd Webber
Max and
Gypsy Steven Sondheim 1971
Les Miserables
No No Nanette
Porgy and Bess
Starlight Express
Billy Elliot
Funny Girl
On the Town
42nd Street
Auntie Mame
The Wiz
Sunset Boulevard
Sweet Charity

Max and

Grey Gardens

Old Timeline

Date Event
1642-1651 English Civil War: Scarborough sides with the Royalists
March 1643 Castle garrison led by Sir Hugh Cholmley; briefly loses the Castle to his cousin, Captain Browne Bushell
August 1644 Parliamentary forces reach Scarborough following Royalist defeat at Marston Moor and the fall of York; Cholmley stalls with surrender negotiations
18th February 1645 Capture of Scarborough's port; first siege of the Castle by Parliamentary forces begins
24th March 1645 Sir John Meldrum, leader of the Parliamentary forces, badly injured in clifftop fall; allows Royalist surprise attack and delays siege by six weeks
1st May 1645 Parliamentarians' Committee of Both Kingdoms orders that the Castle be taken at all costs
10th May 1645 Royalist counter-attack leads to Parlimentary retreat after three-day bombardment and collapse of the keep's west wall
11th May 1645 Heavy hand-to-hand fighting around the barbican; Parliamentarians take heavier casualties, Meldrum killed
25th July 1645 Castle garrison surrenders following five-month siege
27th July 1648 New castle garrison goes over to the Royalist side
19th December 1648 Second siege brings Castle back under Parliamentary control; later used as a prison


(No workgroup is going to want to claim this!)