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User:Anthony Argyriou/WPbasicarticles2

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Copy of Wikipedia:Vital articles

Biography

Artists

  1. Paul Cézanne
  2. Salvador Dalí
  3. Albrecht Dürer
  4. Vincent van Gogh
  5. Francisco Goya
  6. Hokusai
  7. Henri Matisse
  8. Michelangelo
  9. Claude Monet
  10. Pablo Picasso
  11. Jackson Pollock
  12. Raphael
  13. Rembrandt
  14. Diego Velázquez
  15. Andy Warhol

Authors

  1. Dante Alighieri
  2. William Blake
  3. Miguel de Cervantes
  4. Fyodor Dostoevsky
  5. Johann Wolfgang Goethe
  6. Brothers Grimm
  7. Homer
  8. Victor Hugo
  9. James Joyce
  10. Franz Kafka
  11. Li Bai
  12. Molière
  13. Pablo Neruda
  14. Edgar Allan Poe
  15. Jean-Paul Sartre
  16. William Shakespeare
  17. George Bernard Shaw
  18. Sophocles
  19. Mark Twain
  20. Virgil

Composers and musicians

  1. Johann Sebastian Bach
  2. The Beatles
  3. Ludwig van Beethoven
  4. Frédéric Chopin
  5. Madonna (entertainer)
  6. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
  7. Elvis Presley
  8. Richard Wagner

Entrepreneurs

  1. Andrew Carnegie
  2. Henry Ford
  3. Bill Gates

Explorers

  1. Roald Amundsen
  2. Jacques Cartier
  3. Christopher Columbus
  4. Hernán Cortés
  5. Francis Drake
  6. Vasco da Gama
  7. Ferdinand Magellan
  8. Marco Polo
  9. Zheng He

Inventors and scientists

  1. Avicenna
  2. Tim Berners-Lee
  3. Nicolaus Copernicus
  4. Charles Darwin
  5. Thomas Edison
  6. Albert Einstein
  7. Galileo Galilei
  8. Johannes Gutenberg
  9. Edward Jenner
  10. Carolus Linnaeus
  11. Isaac Newton
  12. Louis Pasteur
  13. Nikola Tesla
  14. Leonardo da Vinci
  15. Wright brothers

Mathematicians

  1. Archimedes
  2. Euclid
  3. Leonhard Euler
  4. Carl Friedrich Gauss
  5. Kurt Gödel
  6. David Hilbert
  7. Gottfried Leibniz
  8. Blaise Pascal
  9. Henri Poincaré
  10. Pythagoras
  11. Alan Turing

Philosophers and social scientists

  1. Thomas Aquinas
  2. Aristotle
  3. Augustine of Hippo
  4. Averroes
  5. Francis Bacon
  6. Jacques Derrida
  7. René Descartes
  8. Émile Durkheim
  9. Sigmund Freud
  10. Milton Friedman
  11. Herodotus
  12. Hippocrates
  13. David Hume
  14. John Locke
  15. Immanuel Kant
  16. Ibn Khaldun
  17. John Maynard Keynes
  18. Søren Kierkegaard
  19. Martin Luther
  20. Antonio Gramsci
  21. Niccolò Machiavelli
  22. Karl Marx
  23. Friedrich Nietzsche
  24. Plato
  25. Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  26. Bertrand Russell
  27. Adam Smith
  28. Socrates
  29. Sun Tzu
  30. Thales
  31. Voltaire
  32. Max Weber

Politicians and leaders

  1. Akbar
  2. Alexander the Great
  3. Kofi Annan
  4. Attila the Hun
  5. Augustus
  6. Pope Benedict XVI
  7. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
  8. Otto von Bismarck
  9. Tony Blair
  10. Simón Bolívar
  11. George W. Bush
  12. Julius Caesar
  13. Charlemagne
  14. Winston Churchill
  15. Cleopatra VII
  16. Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria
  17. Charles de Gaulle
  18. Hammurabi
  19. Hannibal
  20. Indira Gandhi
  21. Hirohito
  22. Adolf Hitler
  23. Pope John Paul II
  24. Genghis Khan
  25. Vladimir Lenin
  26. Abraham Lincoln
  27. Nelson Mandela
  28. Mao Zedong
  29. Benito Mussolini
  30. Napoleon I of France
  31. Kwame Nkrumah
  32. Peter I of Russia
  33. Vladimir Putin
  34. Qin Shi Huang
  35. Franklin D. Roosevelt
  36. Saladin
  37. Shaka
  38. Sitting Bull
  39. Joseph Stalin
  40. Margaret Thatcher
  41. Timur
  42. Leon Trotsky
  43. Harry S. Truman
  44. Victoria of the United Kingdom
  45. George Washington
  46. Wilhelm II of Germany

Revolutionaries and activists

  1. Mahatma Gandhi
  2. Che Guevara
  3. Joan of Arc
  4. Martin Luther King, Jr.
  5. Osama bin Laden
  6. Mother Teresa

History

  1. History
  2. Civilization
  3. History of the world

Prehistory to Middle Ages

  1. Ancient Egypt
  2. Ancient Greece
  3. Ancient Rome
  4. Archaeology
  5. Aztec
  6. Black Death
  7. Bronze Age
  8. Byzantine Empire
  9. Crusades
  10. East-West Schism
  11. Holy Roman Empire
  12. Indus Valley Civilization
  13. Iron Age
  14. Maya civilization
  15. Macedon
  16. Middle Ages
  17. Ottoman Empire
  18. Prehistory
  19. Spanish Inquisition
  20. Stone Age
  21. Sumer
  22. Viking

Renaissance to Industrial Age

  1. Age of Enlightenment
  2. American Civil War
  3. American Revolutionary War
  4. British Empire
  5. Cold War
  6. English Civil War
  7. European colonization of the Americas
  8. French Revolution
  9. Great Depression
  10. History of South Africa in the apartheid era
  11. The Holocaust
  12. Industrial Revolution
  13. Napoleonic Wars
  14. Protestant Reformation
  15. Renaissance
  16. Russian Civil War
  17. Russian Revolution of 1917
  18. Scientific Revolution
  19. Scramble for Africa
  20. Space exploration
  21. Spanish Civil War
  22. Vietnam War
  23. World War I
  24. World War II

Geography

  1. Geography
  2. City
  3. Continent
  4. Country
  5. Desert
  6. Glacier
  7. Mountain
  8. Ocean
  9. River

Bodies of water

  1. Amazon River
  2. Atlantic Ocean
  3. Caspian Sea
  4. Great Barrier Reef
  5. Indian Ocean
  6. Mediterranean Sea
  7. Niagara Falls
  8. Nile
  9. Pacific Ocean
  10. Panama Canal

Cities

  1. Athens
  2. Beijing
  3. Berlin
  4. Hong Kong
  5. Jerusalem
  6. London
  7. Mecca
  8. Moscow
  9. Mumbai
  10. New Delhi
  11. New York
  12. Paris
  13. Rome
  14. Saint Petersburg
  15. Shanghai
  16. Sydney
  17. Tokyo
  18. Washington, D.C.

Continents and regions

  1. Africa
  2. Antarctica
  3. Arctic
  4. Asia
  5. Europe
  6. Latin America
  7. Middle East
  8. North America
  9. Oceania
  10. South America

Countries

See also List of countries and List of countries by population.

  1. Austria
  2. Australia
  3. Brazil
  4. Canada
  5. People's Republic of China
  6. Cuba
  7. Democratic Republic of the Congo
  8. Egypt
  9. Ethiopia
  10. France
  11. Germany
  12. Greece
  13. India
  14. Indonesia
  15. Iran
  16. Iraq
  17. Israel
  18. Italy
  19. Japan
  20. Libya
  21. Mexico
  22. North Korea
  23. Poland
  24. Russia
  25. Rwanda
  26. Saudi Arabia
  27. South Africa
  28. South Korea
  29. Spain
  30. Turkey
  31. United Kingdom
  32. United States
  33. Vatican City
  34. Vietnam

Mountains, valleys and deserts

  1. Alps
  2. Andes
  3. Gobi Desert
  4. Grand Canyon
  5. Himalayas
    1. Mount Everest
  6. Rocky Mountains
  7. Sahara

Arts

  1. Art
  2. History of art
  3. Aesthetics

Architecture

  1. Architecture
    1. Aswan Dam
    2. Buckingham Palace
    3. Colosseum
    4. Eiffel Tower
    5. Empire State Building
    6. Great Pyramid of Giza
    7. Great Wall of China
    8. Parthenon
    9. Stonehenge
    10. Taj Mahal

Literature

  1. Literature
  2. Book
  3. Novel
    1. The Book of One Thousand and One Nights
    2. Don Quixote
    3. Republic (Plato)
  4. Poetry
    1. Epic of Gilgamesh
    2. Iliad
    3. Mahabharata
    4. Odyssey

Music

  1. Music
  2. Baroque music
  3. European classical music
  4. Folk music
  5. Jazz
  6. Pop music
  7. Rhythm and blues
  8. Rock music

Performing arts

  1. Performing arts
  2. Acrobatics
  3. Comedy
  4. Dance
  5. Film
  6. Magic
  7. Opera
  8. Theatre

Visual arts

  1. Visual arts
  2. Comics
  3. Painting
    1. Mona Lisa
  4. Sculpture

Philosophy and religion

Philosophy

  1. Philosophy
  2. Beauty
  3. Ethics
  4. Epistemology
    1. Belief
    2. Knowledge
    3. Truth
  5. Dialectic
  6. Logic
  7. Metaphysics
    1. Existence
    2. Ontology
    3. Reality

Philisophical schools and traditions

  1. Epistemological philosophies
    1. Empiricism
    2. Naturalism
    3. Rationalism
    4. Reductionism
  2. Metaphysical philosophies
    1. Determinism
    2. Dualism
    3. Idealism
    4. Materialism
    5. Monism
  3. Moral philosophies
    1. Nihilism
    2. Pragmatism
    3. Relativism
    4. Utilitarianism
  4. Philosophical movements
    1. Existentialism
    2. Humanism
    3. Logical positivism
    4. Modernism
    5. Objectivism
    6. Positivism
    7. Postmodernism
    8. Platonic realism
    9. Romanticism
    10. Skepticism
    11. Stoicism
  5. Theistic philosophies
    1. Theism
    2. Agnosticism
    3. Atheism
    4. Deism
    5. Fundamentalism
    6. Gnosticism
    7. Panentheism
    8. Pantheism

Religion

  1. Religion
  2. Deity
    1. God
    2. Goddess
  3. Mythology
  4. Mysticism
  5. Soul
  6. Spiritual practice
    1. Meditation
    2. Prayer
    3. Yoga
  7. Spirituality

Specific religions

  1. Bahá'í Faith
    1. Báb
    2. Bahá'u'lláh
  2. Buddhism
    1. Gautama Buddha
    2. Mahayana
    3. Theravada
    4. Vajrayana
  3. Christianity
    1. Bible
    2. Catholicism
    3. Church
    4. Eastern Orthodox Church
    5. Jesus
    6. Protestantism
    7. Pope
    8. Trinity
  4. Confucianism
    1. Confucius
  5. Hinduism
    1. Bhagavad Gita
    2. Krishna
    3. Upanishad
    4. Veda
  6. Islam
    1. Mosque
    2. Muhammad
    3. Shi'a Islam
    4. Sunni Islam
    5. Qur'an
  7. Jainism
  8. Judaism
  9. Shinto
  10. Sikhism
    1. Guru Nanak Dev
    2. Guru Gobind Singh
    3. Guru Granth Sahib
  11. Taoism
    1. Laozi
  12. Voodoo
  13. Zoroastrianism

Everyday life

  1. Color
    1. Blue
    2. Green
    3. Red
    4. Yellow
  2. Emotion
    1. Anger
    2. Fear
    3. Love
    4. Happiness
  3. Family
    1. Adult
    2. Child
    3. Infant
    4. Marriage
  4. Human sexuality
    1. Man
    2. Woman
  5. Mind
    1. Consciousness
    2. Thought
  6. Sleep
    1. Dream

Food and drink

  1. Food
  2. Barley
  3. Bread
  4. Cheese
  5. Cotton
  6. Fruit
  7. Maize
  8. Oat
  9. Rice
  10. Sorghum
  11. Soybean
  12. Tobacco
  13. Vegetable
  14. Wheat
  15. Alcohol
  16. Beer
  17. Coffee
  18. Drinking water
  19. Milk
  20. Tea
  21. Wine

Language

  1. Language
  2. Alphabet
    1. Letter (alphabet)
  3. Grammar
  4. Word
  5. Writing
  6. Specific languages
    1. Arabic language
    2. Chinese language
    3. English language
    4. Esperanto
    5. French language
    6. German language
    7. Hindi
    8. Japanese language
    9. Latin
    10. Portuguese language
    11. Russian language
    12. Sanskrit
    13. Spanish language
    14. Punjabi language

Recreation

  1. Recreation
  2. Athletics (track and field)
  3. Game
    1. Backgammon
    2. Chess
    3. Dice
    4. Draughts
    5. Go (board game)
    6. Mancala
  4. Gambling
  5. Sport
    1. American football
    2. Baseball
    3. Basketball
    4. Boxing
    5. Cricket
    6. Football (soccer)
    7. Hockey
    8. Olympic Games
    9. Rugby football
    10. Tennis
  6. Toy

Society and social sciences

  1. Society
  2. Culture
  3. Law

Social issues

  1. Abortion
  2. Abuse
  3. Birth control
  4. Capital punishment
  5. Civil rights
  6. Crime
  7. Discrimination
    1. Racism
    2. Sexism
  8. Euthanasia
  9. Freedom
  10. Justice
  11. Peace
  12. Poverty
  13. Sustainable development
  14. Slavery
  15. War

Education

  1. Education
  2. College
  3. School
  4. University
  5. Specific educational institutions
    1. Cambridge
    2. Harvard
    3. Oxford
    4. Princeton
    5. Yale

Business and economics

  1. Business
  2. Economics
    1. Good (economics and accounting)
    2. Service
    3. Supply and demand
  3. Company (law)
  4. Corporation
  5. Money
    1. Euro
    2. Japanese yen
    3. Pound sterling
    4. Renminbi
    5. Rupee
    6. United States dollar
  6. Finance
  7. Industry
    1. Agriculture
    2. Manufacturing
    3. Mining
  8. Market

Media

  1. Advertising
  2. Broadcasting
  3. Journalism
  4. Magazine
  5. Mass media
  6. News
  7. Newspaper
  8. Publishing

Politics and government

  1. Politics
  2. Government
  3. Capitalism
  4. Civics
    1. Anarchism
    2. Communism
    3. Democracy
    4. Dictatorship
    5. Fascism
    6. Marxism
    7. Monarchy
    8. Socialism
    9. Theocracy
  5. Constitution
  6. Diplomacy
  7. Globalization
  8. Imperialism
  9. Liberalism
  10. Military
  11. Nationalism
  12. Social movement
  13. State
  14. Specific political and governmental institutions
    1. Arab League
    2. European Union
    3. International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
    4. NATO
    5. Nobel Prize
    6. Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries
    7. United Nations
      1. World Bank Group
      2. World Health Organization
      3. World Trade Organization

Social sciences

  1. Social sciences
  2. Anthropology
  3. Archaeology
  4. Political science
  5. Psychology
  6. Sociology

Science

  1. Science
  2. History of science
  3. Nature
  4. Philosophy of science
  5. Scientific method

Astronomy

  1. Astronomy
  2. Asteroid
  3. Asteroid belt
  4. Big Bang
  5. Black hole
  6. Comet
  7. Eclipse
  8. Galaxy
    1. Milky Way
  9. Kuiper belt
  10. Orbit
  11. Physical cosmology
  12. Planet
  13. Solar System
    1. Sun
    2. Mercury (planet)
    3. Venus
    4. Earth
      1. Moon
    5. Mars
    6. Ceres (dwarf planet)
    7. Jupiter
    8. Saturn
    9. Uranus
    10. Neptune
    11. Pluto
    12. Eris (dwarf planet)
  14. Star
  15. Supernova
  16. Universe

Biology

  1. Biology
  2. Anatomy
    1. Brain
    2. Gastrointestinal tract
    3. Heart
    4. Lung
    5. Skeleton
  3. Biological reproduction
    1. Pregnancy
    2. Sex
  4. Botany
  5. Ecology
    1. Ecosystem
  6. Evolution
    1. Natural selection
  7. Genetics
    1. DNA
    2. Genes
    3. Heredity
  8. Medicine
    1. Blindness
    2. Disease
      1. Alzheimer's disease
      2. Cancer
      3. Cholera
      4. Common cold
      5. Diabetes mellitus
      6. Dysentery
      7. Influenza
      8. Malaria
      9. Parkinson's disease
      10. Sexually transmitted disease
        1. AIDS
        2. Syphilis
      11. Smallpox
      12. Tuberculosis
    3. Hearing impairment
    4. Immune system
    5. Mental illness
    6. Penicillin
    7. Vaccine
  9. Organism
    1. Animal
      1. Amphibian
      2. Bird
      3. Fish
      4. Insect
      5. Mammal
        1. Cattle
        2. Cat
        3. Dog
        4. Horse
        5. Human
      6. Reptile
        1. Dinosaur
    2. Archaea
    3. Bacteria
    4. Fungus
    5. Plant
      1. Flower
      2. Tree
    6. Protist
  10. Origin of life
  11. Species
  12. Zoology

Chemistry

  1. Chemistry
  2. Biochemistry
  3. Organic chemistry
  4. Inorganic chemistry
  5. Acid
  6. Alloy
    1. Brass
    2. Bronze
    3. Steel
  7. Base (chemistry)
  8. Catalysis
  9. Chemical bond
  10. Chemical compound
    1. Carbon dioxide
    2. Hydrochloric acid
    3. Oil
    4. Salt
    5. Water
  11. Chemical element
    1. Aluminium
    2. Carbon
      1. Diamond
      2. Graphite
    3. Copper
    4. Gold
    5. Helium
    6. Hydrogen
    7. Iron
    8. Lead
    9. Magnesium
    10. Mercury
    11. Neon
    12. Nitrogen
    13. Oxygen
    14. Plutonium
    15. Silicon
    16. Silver
    17. Sulfur
    18. Tin
    19. Uranium
    20. Zinc
  12. Chemical reaction
  13. Crystal
  14. Electrolysis
  15. Glass
  16. Ion
  17. Metal
  18. Mineral
  19. Molecule
  20. Periodic table
  21. Silicate

Earth science

  1. Earth science
  2. Geology
    1. Avalanche
    2. Crust (geology)
    3. Earthquake
    4. Erosion
    5. Geologic fault
    6. Igneous rock
    7. Magma
    8. Mantle (geology)
    9. Plate tectonics
    10. Sedimentary rock
    11. Volcano
  3. Meteorology
    1. Climate
    2. Cloud
    3. El Niño
    4. Flood
    5. Global warming
    6. Rain
    7. Tornado
    8. Tropical cyclone
    9. Weather
  4. Oceanography

Physics

  1. Physics
  2. Atom
  3. Particle physics
    1. Standard Model
    2. Particle accelerator
    3. Subatomic particle
      1. Electron
      2. Neutrino
      3. Neutron
      4. Photon
      5. Proton
      6. Quark
  4. Classical mechanics
    1. Newton's laws of motion
  5. Energy
    1. Electromagnetic radiation
      1. Visible spectrum
    2. Kinetic energy
    3. Potential energy
  6. Force
    1. Electromagnetism
    2. Gravitation
    3. Strong force
    4. Weak force
  7. Heat
    1. Temperature
  8. Mass
  9. Matter
  10. Quantum mechanics
  11. Sound
  12. Space
  13. Speed
    1. Acceleration
    2. Velocity
  14. Speed of light
  15. Thermodynamics
  16. Theory of relativity
  17. Time
  18. Weight

Technology

  1. Technology
  2. History of technology
  3. Engineering
  4. Artificial intelligence
  5. Biotechnology
  6. Genetic Engineering
  7. Nanotechnology
  8. Nuclear technology
  9. Tool

Energy

  1. Electricity
  2. Geothermal power
  3. Hydropower
  4. Nuclear power
  5. Solar power
  6. Wind power

Electronics

  1. Electronics
  2. Battery
  3. Capacitor
  4. Diode
  5. Incandescent light bulb
  6. Integrated circuit
  7. Resistor
  8. Semiconductor
  9. Transistor

Mechanical and structural engineering

  1. Mechanical engineering
  2. Engine
    1. Electric motor
    2. Internal combustion engine
    3. Jet engine
    4. Steam engine
  3. Inclined plane
  4. Lever
  5. Pulley
  6. Robot
  7. Wheel
  8. Arch
  9. Bridge
  10. Canal
  11. Dam
  12. Dome
  13. House
  14. Nail (engineering)
  15. Pyramid
  16. Tower

Transportation

  1. Transport
  2. Vehicle
  3. Aircraft
  4. Automobile
  5. Bicycle
  6. Elevator
  7. Helicopter
  8. Fixed-wing aircraft
  9. Motorcycle
  10. Rapid transit
  11. Stirrup
  12. Train

Information technology

  1. Information technology
  2. Abacus
  3. Calculator
  4. Computer
  5. Cryptography

Optical

  1. Camera
  2. Glasses
  3. Laser
  4. Lens
  5. Microscope
  6. Prism
  7. Telescope

Media and communication

  1. Telecommunication
  2. E-mail
  3. Internet
  4. Microphone
  5. Mobile phone
  6. Photography
  7. Printing press
  8. Printing
  9. Radio
  10. Telephone
  11. Television
  12. Typewriter
  13. Video
  14. World Wide Web

Navigation and timekeeping

  1. Calendar
  2. Clock
  3. Compass
  4. Global Positioning System
  5. Gyroscope
  6. Pendulum
  7. Radar
  8. Sonar
  9. Sundial

Weapons

  1. Weapon
  2. Artillery
  3. Axe
  4. Bow
  5. Firearm
  6. Pistol
  7. Knife
  8. Machine gun
  9. Nuclear weapon
  10. Rifle
  11. Spear
  12. Submarine
  13. Tank

Material and chemical

  1. Fire
  2. Explosive material
    1. Dynamite
    2. Gasoline
    3. Gunpowder
    4. Kerosene
  3. Metallurgy
  4. Plastic
  5. Rubber

Food and health

  1. Electrocardiogram
  2. Magnetic resonance imaging
  3. Pasteurization
  4. Refrigerator
  5. Stove
  6. X-ray

Space

  1. Hubble Space Telescope
  2. International Space Station
  3. Project Apollo
  4. Rocket
  5. Satellite
  6. Space Shuttle
  7. Space station

Mathematics

  1. Mathematics
    1. Constant
      1. Pi
    2. Differential equation
    3. Digit
    4. Equation
    5. Exponentiation
    6. Function
    7. Infinity
    8. Limit
    9. Logarithm
    10. Number
      1. Complex number
      2. Integer
      3. Natural number
      4. Rational number
      5. Real number
    11. Series
    12. Square root
    13. Variable
  2. Algebra
  3. Analysis
  4. Arithmetic
    1. Addition
    2. Division
    3. Fraction
    4. Multiplication
    5. Percentage
    6. Subtraction

  1. Calculus
  2. Chaos theory
    1. Fractal
  3. Game theory
  4. Geometry
    1. Angle
    2. Area
    3. Coordinates
    4. Line
    5. Plane
    6. Shape
      1. Circle
      2. Square
      3. Triangle
  5. Linear algebra
    1. Matrix
  6. Logic
    1. Proof
  7. Number theory
    1. Prime number
  8. Probability theory
    1. Statistics
  9. Set theory
    1. Set
  10. Topology
  11. Trigonometry
    1. Trigonometric function

Measurement

  1. Measurement
  2. Metric system
  3. International System of Units
  4. Imperial unit
  5. Time
    1. Second
    2. Day
    3. Week
    4. Month
    5. Year
  6. Length
    1. Foot
    2. Metre
    3. Kilometre
    4. Mile
    5. Light-year
  7. Angle
    1. Degree
    2. Radian

  1. Volume
    1. Gallon
    2. Litre
  2. Mass
    1. Kilogram
    2. Ton
    3. Pound
  3. Temperature
    1. Celsius
    2. Fahrenheit
    3. Kelvin
  4. Force
    1. Newton
  5. Power
    1. Watt
  6. Electromagnetism
    1. Ampere
    2. Volt
    3. Ohm
    4. Hertz