U.S. support to South Vietnam before Gulf of Tonkin/Related Articles
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- 559th Transportation Group : In the People's Army of Viet Nam, the organization that built and operated the Ho Chi Minh trail
- AK-47 : The world's most common assault rifle, firing a 7.62mm bullet, but with reduced-power propellant and larger magazines that comparable battle rifles using the same caliber; there are variants that use lighter bullets
- Agency for International Development : U.S. government agency responsible for nonmilitary foreign aid of goods, services, and certain finances, although it does not operate at the highest levels of international finance. May operate assistance and development programs in foreign countries
- Army aviation : Helicopter, light fixed-wing, and unmanned aerial vehicles intended to be under the direct control of, and immediately responsive to, ground commanders
- Bui Tin : A Senior Colonel in the People's Army of Viet Nam, serving as a staff officer and a journalist for official publications, who was later exiled for his writings on the war
- Bureau of Intelligence and Research : A purely analytical part of the United States intelligence community that specializes in studies that directly assist diplomacy, and also address issues of political geography
- C-47 : The workhorse twin-engined Allied transport of the Second World War, called the Dakota in British service and the R4D by the U.S. Navy; military version of the DC-3 (airliner)
- Clandestine human-source intelligence : clandestine operations by people who secretly collect intelligence, and their support by couriers, forgers, radio operators, and other operational personnel.
- Da Nang : A coastal city approximately in the middle of Vietnam, which is an transportation hub for central Vietnam and was a major military base during the Vietnam War
- Dau tranh : A term of art used in Vietnamese Communist revolutionary war theory, roughly translated to "struggle", and having components of political action, guerrilla warfare, and psychological warfare.
- Douglas Pike : U.S. Foreign Service Officer and academic, an expert on the Viet Cong and Vietnam in general
- Edward Lansdale : A U.S. Air Force general on assignment to the CIA, key counterinsurgency advisor to Philippine President Ramon Magsaysay, involved in French Indochina and South Vietnam 1954-1960, although lost influence in U.S. policymaking through bureaucratic infighting
- Ho Chi Minh trail : A complex of roads and other facilities, from North Vietnam to South Vietnam via Laos and Cambodia, used to infiltrate military forces into the South
- III Corps tactical zone : In the Army of the Republic of Viet Nam, the geographic command responsible for Saigon, the national capital, and its surrounding provinces. While relatively small in land mass, it had a large part of the population and the bulk of economy and industry.
- IV Corps tactical zone : The southernmost regional command of the Army of the Republic of Viet Nam, including the Mekong River Delta.
- Le Duan : Effective political heir, as leader of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam), when Ho Chi Minh's health declined. While he did not depose his internal rivals, he gained power over Vo Nguyen Giap and Truong Chinh.
- Le Van Kim : A South Vietnamese general, of neutralist ideology, who distinguished himself in pacification operations but was later frozen out of politics and command
- MACV-SOG : The U.S. organization responsible for covert operations against the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, as well as related cross-border operations from South Vietnam into Laos and Cambodia during the Vietnam War; the abbreviation had an unclassified cover meaning, but was actually the Military Assistance Command, Vietnam Special Operations Group
- Military Assistance Command, Vietnam : Headquarters for most U.S. combat and support units assisting the Republic of Vietnam
- Military Revolutionary Council : The group of Army of the Republic of Viet Nam officers that overthrew Ngo Dinh Diem in November 1963, and ruled until they were overthrown by another military group in January 1964, some generals belonging to both the November and January juntas
- National Security Agency : An organization within the United States Department of Defense, with the dual roles of the principal signals intelligence agency in the United States intelligence community, but also having the responsibility for information assurance of military, diplomatic, and other critical communications.
- Pathet Lao : A Communist revolutionary organization, allied with the Viet Minh and Democratic Republic of Vietnam, which began as part of coalition and anticolonialist governments in the 1950s and 1960s, and gained control of Laos in 1975
- Paul Harkins : General in the United States Army, who headed the Military Assistance Command, Vietnam between 1962 and 1964.
- Pleiku : The capital of Gia Lai Province of Vietnam; headquarters of the II Corps tactical zone during the Vietnam War
- Special Air Service : Special operations regular and Territorial Army regiments of the British Army, part of U.K. Special Forces
- Strategic Air Command : A former major headquarters of the United States Air Force, whose planning and contingency operations are now part of United States Strategic Command, while its aircraft readiness is under Air Combat Command and its missile readiness under Air Force Space Command
- Strategic Hamlet Program : A program for rural security and counterinsurgency, under the South Vietnamese government of Ngo Dinh Diem and directed by his brother and advisor Ngo Dinh Nhu; its success or failure was considered a metric for the Diem government
- The Two Vietnams after Geneva : The period following the 1954 Geneva meeting that partitioned Vietnam into North and South.
- Tran Van Don : Vietnamese military officer who fought against the Viet Minh with the French, then became a general under Ngo Dinh Diem, but participated in the 1963 overthrow of Diem
- United States Secretary of State : The senior cabinet officer of the United States, responsible for the conduct of diplomacy, currently Hillary Clinton
- United States intelligence community : The United States' intelligence agencies coordinated by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence.
- Victor Krulak : Rising to lieutenant general before retiring from the United States Marine Corps as commander of Fleet Marine Force, Pacific (FMFPAC), he was a decorated battalion commander in the Second World War, and then rose in command and staff assignments, becoming the first Special Assistant for Counterinsurgency and Special Activities, and thus a key advisor in the early parts of the Vietnam War. His son, GEN Charles Krulak, became Commandant of the Marine Corps
- Viet Minh : A short name for the Communist-dominated national revolutionary movement that overthrew the colonial government of French Indochina
- Vietnam War : A post-colonial independence/Cold War conflict between communist North Vietnam against South Vietnam, assisted by the United States (1955-1975), to unify Vietnam; won by North Vietnam in 1975.
- Wars of Vietnam : The broad context of warfare in the modern area of Vietnam, of which the Vietnam War (1962-1975) is best known, but involves colonization, Japanese occupation, decolonization, and post-1975 but related warfare among Vietnam, Cambodia and China
- William Colby : A U.S. intelligence and special operations officer eventually becoming Director of Central Intelligence (1973-1976).