From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
- Human rights : Natural civil and political rights considered universal and applicable to all human beings worldwide.
- Pain : Unpleasant feeling or hurtful sensation that is conveyed to the brain by stimulation of sensory neurons.
- Convention against Torture : An international treaty, created in 1984 and at least partially agreed-to by 146 countries, to deny the legality of torture and take steps to abolish its use
- State secrets privilege : A legal doctrine, explicit in the U.S. but with comparable rules in other countries, which allows the suppression of evidence, or the blocking of a trial, if that would unavoidably cause the disclosure of information deemed critical to national security
- Jay Bybee : Currently a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit and a law professor, he was Assistant Attorney General for the Office of the Legal Counsel in the George W. Bush Administration, and had a prominent role in legal opinions related to interrogation of prisoners
- Jack Goldsmith : US law professor specializing in international law; former Assistant Attorney General, Office of Legal Counsel in the George W. Bush Administration
- Sanford Levinson : Add brief definition or description
- John Yoo : Professor of law at the University of California at Berkeley School of Law since 1993; between 2001 and 2003; deputy assistant attorney general in the Office of Legal Counsel, working on separation of powers, presidential authority, intelligence interrogation and extraordinary rendition; Visiting Scholar at the American Enterprise Institute
Use in interrogation
- Gestapo : The secret political police force of Nazi Germany, a state rather than party organization, reporting both to the SS (Party) and Ministry of the Interior (State)
- SD : Add brief definition or description
- Spanish Inquisition : Add brief definition or description
- Organs of State Security : A generic term for Soviet intelligence and internal security organizations, from the Cheka to the KGB; traditionally a third of the power balance among the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the Red Army; term continues in Russian usage with the FSB
- Roger Trinquier : An influential French guerrilla and counterguerrilla officer in the 1950s and 1960s, best known for his work in Indochina (i.e. before the French left) in the extended Vietnam War, and in the Algerian War of Independence. He is one of the very few doctrinal writers to have endorsed even the controlled use of torture.
- Intelligence interrogation, U.S. : Policies, techniques and practices of United States interrogation in a national intelligence-gathering context. (See Intelligence interrogation, U.S., George W. Bush Administration for recent detailed discussions)
Use in intimidation
- Operation Condor : A secret security operation among the military governments of Argentina, Chile, Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay and Uruguay, beginning in 1975 and ending with democratization in the 1980s and 1990s; descriptions range from counterintelligence and counterterrorism to state terror
- Great Terror : Internal Soviet investigations, mass trials, and extrajudicial detention ordered by Josef Stalin, primarily 1936-1938
- Capital punishment : The practice of punishment of a crime through state-sanctioned killing.
- Interrogation : A systematic process of direct questioning, of a person in detention or otherwise under the control of the interrogator, to obtain reliable information to satisfy criminal investigation or human-source intelligence requirements, within the scope of relevant law and policy
- Diffusion of innovations : A theory of how, why, and at what rate new ideas and technology spread through cultures.
- Terrorism : An act, with targets including civilians or civilian infrastructure, intended to create an atmosphere of fear in order to obtain a political objective.
- Thought reform : Techniques, originally used to enforce conformity with political systems or to coerce confessions, that have been associated with ill-defined terms such as "brainwashing" and "mind control", although there is no evidence that total control, of which the subject is unaware, is possible