Synonym (taxonomy)/Related Articles

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A list of Citizendium articles, and planned articles, about Synonym (taxonomy).
See also changes related to Synonym (taxonomy), or pages that link to Synonym (taxonomy) or to this page or whose text contains "Synonym (taxonomy)".

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  • Adenorhinos [r]: A monotypic genus created for A. barbouri, a venomous viper species found only in Tanzania. [e]
  • Alipiopsitta xanthops (Yellow-faced Parrot) [r]: A species of the genus Alipiopsitta, found in the cerrado region of Brazil and adjacent Bolivia. [e]
  • Ara autocthones (Saint Croix Macaw) [r]: an extinct species of bird in the parrot family that was found on the island of Saint Croix, in the Virgin Islands [e]
  • Arabidopsis thaliana (Thale Cress) [r]: A small flowering plant widely used by plant biologists as a model organism for basic research. It is a dicotyledonous species and a member of the Brassicaceae or mustard family. [e]
  • Asplenium scolopendrium [r]: Hart's tongue fern, a species of fern easily recognized by its large tongue-shaped leaves. [e]
  • Atheris anisolepis [r]: Venomous viper of west central Africa (Gabon, Congo, and Angola). [e]
  • Atheris ceratophora [r]: Venomous viper species limited to Tanzanian mountain ranges. The only horned, arboreal viper in Africa. [e]
  • Atheris chlorechis [r]: Venomous bush viper species found only in West African forests. [e]
  • Atheris desaixi [r]: Venomous viper species endemic to Kenya, with two isolated populations, with striking black and yellow coloration. [e]
  • Atheris hispida [r]: Venomous viper found in Central Africa with extremely keeled scales and an almost bristly appearance. [e]
  • Atheris katangensis [r]: Venomous bush viper endemic to Congo; smallest member (< 40 cm) of genus Atheris. [e]
  • Atheris nitschei rungweensis [r]: African venomous viper subspecies found in Tanzania, Zambia and Malawi. [e]
  • Atheris nitschei [r]: Venomous bush viper found from Uganda and DR Congo in the north to northern Malawi in the south. [e]
  • Atheris squamigera [r]: Venomous viper species found in west and central Africa. [e]
  • Atheris [r]: A genus of venomous vipers found only found in tropical subsaharan Africa, excluding southern Africa. [e]
  • Australopithecus africanus [r]: A species of early hominin. [e]
  • Azemiopinae [r]: One of the most primitive vipers, found in mountains of China, Tibet and Vietnam. [e]
  • Barnardius zonarius [r]: A parrot native to all mainland Australian states. [e]
  • Bitis arietans somalica [r]: A venomous member of the genus Bitis, found only in Somalia, eastern Ethiopia and northern Kenya. [e]
  • Bitis arietans [r]: A venomous member of the Bitis genus, found in savannah and grasslands from Morocco and western Arabia throughout Africa except for the Sahara and rain forest regions. [e]
  • Bitis atropos [r]: A venomous member of the genus Bitis, found only in three mountainous regions in southern Africa. [e]
  • Bitis caudalis [r]: A venomous member of the genus Bitis, found in the arid region of south-west Africa. [e]
  • Bitis cornuta albanica [r]: Venomous viper subspecies[4] restricted to eastern and southern Cape Province in South Africa. [e]
  • Bitis cornuta [r]: A venomous member of the genus Bitis, found in certain rocky desert areas, mostly along the Atlantic coast of southern Africa. [e]
  • Bitis gabonica rhinoceros [r]: A venomous member of the genus Bitis and a sub-species of the viper family, found in West Africa. [e]
  • Bitis gabonica [r]: A venomous member of the genus Bitis, found in the rainforests and savannas of Sub-Saharan Africa. [e]
  • Bitis heraldica [r]: A venomous member of the genus Bitis, found only in Angola. [e]
  • Bitis inornata [r]: A venomous member of the genus Bitis, found only in Cape Province, South Africa. [e]
  • Bitis nasicornis [r]: A venomous member of the genus Bitis, found in the forests of West and Central Africa. [e]
  • Bitis parviocula [r]: A venomous member of the genus Bitis, found only in south-west Ethiopia. [e]
  • Bitis peringueyi [r]: A venomous member of the genus Bitis, found in Namibia and southern Angola. [e]
  • Bitis rubida [r]: A venomous viper species found only in Western Cape Province, South Africa. [e]
  • Bitis schneideri [r]: A venomous viper species found in a small coastal region straddling the border between Namibia and South Africa. [e]
  • Bitis worthingtoni [r]: A venomous viper species found only in the high central Rift Valley of Kenya. [e]
  • Bitis xeropaga [r]: Venomous viper species found in Namibia and South Africa [e]
  • Bitis [r]: Genus of venomous vipers found in Africa and the southern Arabian Peninsula. [e]
  • Causinae [r]: Monotypic subfamily of venomous vipers found only in subsaharan Africa. [e]
  • Causus bilineatus [r]: A venomous member of the genus Causus, found in south central Africa. [e]
  • Causus defilippii [r]: A venomous member of the genus Causus, found in East Africa. [e]
  • Causus lichtensteinii [r]: A venomous viper species found in western and central Africa with no known subspecies. [e]
  • Causus maculatus [r]: Venomous viper species found mainly in West- and Central Africa. [e]
  • Causus resimus [r]: A venomous member of the genus Causus, found in isolated populations distributed across tropical Africa. [e]
  • Causus rhombeatus [r]: A venomous member of the genus Causus, found in subsaharan Africa. [e]
  • Cerastes (genus) [r]: A venomous member of the genus Cerastes, found in the deserts and semi-deserts of northern North Africa eastward through Arabia and Iran. [e]
  • Cerastes cerastes [r]: A venomous member of the genus Cerastes, native to the deserts of Northern Africa and parts of the Middle East. [e]
  • Cerastes gasperettii [r]: A venomous member of the genus Cerastes, found in the Middle East from Israel to Iran, and especially in the Arabian Peninsula. [e]
  • Cerastes vipera [r]: A venomous member of the genus Cerastes, found in the deserts of North Africa and the Sinai Peninsula. [e]
  • Crotalus durissus [r]: A venomous rattlesnake species found in Mexico and South America. [e]
  • Daboia russelii siamensis [r]: Eastern Russell's viper, a subspecies found in parts of southeast Asia, southern China and Taiwan. [e]
  • Daboia [r]: A monotypic genus created for a venomous viper species, D. russelii. [e]
  • Echis carinatus astolae [r]: Venomous viper subspecies of the genus Echis, endemic to Astola Island off the coast of Pakistan. [e]
  • Echis carinatus multisquamatus [r]: Venomous viper subspecies[3] found in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan. [e]
  • Echis carinatus sinhaleyus [r]: Venomous viper subspecies of the genus Echis, endemic to Sri Lanka. [e]
  • Echis carinatus sochureki [r]: Venomous viper subspecies of the genus Echis, found in India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran and parts of the Arabian Peninsula. [e]
  • Echis carinatus [r]: Venomous viper species of the genus Echis, found in parts of the Middle East, Central Asia, and especially the Indian subcontinent. [e]
  • Echis coloratus [r]: Venomous viper species of the genus Echis, found in the Middle East and Egypt. [e]
  • Echis hughesi [r]: Venomous viper species of the genus Echis, found only in Somalia. [e]
  • Echis jogeri [r]: Venomous viper species found only in Mali. [e]
  • Echis leucogaster [r]: Venomous viper species of the genus Echis, found in West and Northwest Africa. [e]
  • Echis megalocephalus [r]: Venomous viper species of the genus Echis, found only on one island in the Red Sea off the coast of Eritrea. [e]
  • Echis ocellatus [r]: Venomous viper species of the genus Echis, found mainly in West Africa. [e]
  • Echis pyramidum aliaborri [r]: Venomous viper subspecies of the genus Echis, found only in northern Kenya. [e]
  • Echis pyramidum leakeyi [r]: Venomous viper subspecies of the genus Echis, found only in northwestern Kenya. [e]
  • Echis pyramidum [r]: Venomous viper species of the genus Echis, found mainly in north-east Africa, but also in parts of the Arabian Peninsula. [e]
  • Echis [r]: Quick-tempered viper genus of Africa, the Middle East, India and Sri Lanka that produce hemotoxic venom. [e]
  • Eristicophis [r]: Monotypic genus created for a venomous viper species, E. macmahonii, found only in the desert region of Balochistan near the borders of Iran, Pakistan and Afghanistan. [e]
  • Graydidascalus brachyurus (Short-tailed Parrot) [r]: Only species of the genus Graydidascalus, found along both banks of the Amazon river and other major Amazonian rivers in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. [e]
  • Green Anaconda [r]: Largest member of the boa family of snakes and a member of the super-order Squamata, known to live in the seasonally flooded lowlands surrounding the Amazon basin. [e]
  • Lachesis (genus) [r]: Genus of venomous pitvipers found in the remote, forested areas in Central and South America. [e]
  • Lachesis muta [r]: Venomous pit viper species found in South America. [e]
  • Macrovipera deserti [r]: Venomous viper species found in North Africa. [e]
  • Macrovipera lebetina cernovi [r]: Venomous viper subspecies of the genus Macrovipera, found in Iran, Turkmenistan and Afghanistan. [e]
  • Macrovipera lebetina obtusa [r]: Venomous viper subspecies found between central Turkey and northern Pakistan (Kashmir). [e]
  • Macrovipera lebetina transmediterranea [r]: Venomous viper subspecies of the genus Macrovipera, found only in Algeria and Tunis. [e]
  • Macrovipera lebetina turanica [r]: Venomous viper subspecies found in Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, Afghanistan and Pakistan. [e]
  • Macrovipera lebetina [r]: Venomous viper species found in North Africa. [e]
  • Macrovipera mauritanica [r]: A venomous viper species found in northwestern Africa. [e]
  • Macrovipera schweizeri [r]: Venomous viper species of the genus Macrovipera, found in Greece on the islands of the Cyclades Archipelago in the Aegean sea. [e]
  • Macrovipera [r]: Genus of venomous vipers that inhabit the semideserts and steppes of North Africa, the Near and Middle East, and the Milos Archipelago in the Aegean Sea. [e]
  • Micrurus fulvius [r]: Venomous elapid species found in the southeastern U.S.A. [e]
  • Montatheris [r]: Monotypic genus created for a venomous viper species, M. hindii, found only at high altitude on Mount Kenya and the Aberdare mountain range in Kenya. [e]
  • Name-bearing type [r]: The type genus, type species, holotype, lectotype, series of syntypes, neotype, type slide, or hapantotype, that provides the objective standard of reference whereby the application of the name of a taxon can be determined. [e]
  • Panthera leo (Lion) [r]: Large gregarious predatory carnivorous feline of Africa and India having a tawny coat with a shaggy mane in the male, one of four big cats in the genus Panthera, and a member of the family Felidae. [e]
  • Panthera tigris (Tiger) [r]: Large carnivorous feline mammal of Asia, having a tawny coat with transverse black stripes, a member of the Felidae family, and the largest of the four 'big cats' in the genus Panthera. [e]
  • Platypus [r]: An amphibious, egg-laying monotreme (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) of eastern mainland Australia and Tasmania, 45-60 cm in total length, having webbed feet and a muzzle like the bill of a duck; also known as the duck-billed platypus. [e]
  • Proatheris [r]: Monotypic genus created for a venomous viper species, P. superciliaris, found in Tanzania, Malawi and Mozambique. [e]
  • Pseudocerastes persicus fieldi [r]: Venomous viper subspecies found in the deserts of the Middle East. [e]
  • Pseudocerastes [r]: Monotypic genus created for a venomous viper species, P. persicus, found throughout the Middle East and as far east as Pakistan, but not on the African mainland. [e]
  • Sphenodon guntheri (Tuatara) [r]: Nocturnal reptile endemic to New Zealand, and the only extant member of the order Sphenodontia. [e]
  • Tuatara [r]: An amniote of the family Sphenodontidae, native to and found only in New Zealand. [e]
  • Vipera albicornuta [r]: Iranian mountain viper, zigzag mountain viper; venomous viper species endemic in Iran. [e]
  • Vipera albizona [r]: Central Turkish mountain viper; venomous viper species endemic to the mountainous regions of central Turkey. [e]
  • Vipera ammodytes gregorwallneri [r]: Venomous viper subspecies found mainly in Austria and the former Yugoslavia. [e]
  • Vipera ammodytes meridionalis [r]: Venomous viper subspecies found in Greece and Turkish Thrace. [e]
  • Vipera ammodytes montandoni [r]: Venomous viper subspecies found in Bulgaria and southern Romania. [e]
  • Vipera ammodytes transcaucasiana [r]: Venomous viper subspecies of the genus Vipera, found in parts of Georgia and northern Turkish Anatolia. [e]
  • Vipera ammodytes [r]: Horned viper, long-nosed viper, sand viper, nose-horned viper, horn-nosed viper; venomous viper species found in southern Europe through to the Balkans and parts of the Middle East. [e]
  • Vipera aspis atra [r]: Subspecies of venomous viper; found in France, Switzerland and Italy [e]
  • Vipera aspis francisciredi [r]: Venomous viper subspecies found in Italy, where it is the most common and widely distributed venomous snake. [e]
  • Vipera aspis hugyi [r]: Venomous viper subspecies found only in Italy. [e]
  • Vipera aspis zinnikeri [r]: Gascony asp; venomous viper subspecies found in the Pyrenees region of Spain and France. [e]
  • Vipera aspis [r]: Asp; a venomous viper species found in southwestern Europe. [e]
  • Vipera barani [r]: Baran's adder, Turkish viper; venomous viper species endemic in Turkey. [e]
  • Vipera berus bosniensis [r]: A venomous viper subspecies found only on the Balkan Peninsula. [e]
  • Vipera berus sachalinensis [r]: Venomous viper subspecies found in the Russian Far East, China, North Korea and on Sakhalin Island. [e]
  • Vipera berus [r]: Widespread venomous viper found in Western Europe, Great Britain and eastward to Far East Asia. [e]
  • Vipera bornmuelleri [r]: Bornmuellers viper; venomous viper species found in the Golan Heights, Lebanon and Syria. [e]
  • Vipera bulgardaghica [r]: Bulgardagh viper; venomous viper species endemic in the mountains of southern Turkey. [e]
  • Vipera darevskii [r]: Darevsky's viper; venomous viper species found in Armenia and possibly also in Georgia. [e]
  • Vipera dinniki [r]: Dinnik's viper, Caucasus subalpine viper; venomous viper species found in Russia, Georgia and Azerbaijan. [e]
  • Vipera kaznakovi [r]: Venomous viper species found in Turkey, Georgia and Russia. [e]
  • Vipera latastei gaditana [r]: Venomous viper subspecies found in southern Spain and Portugal, as well as in North Africa. [e]
  • Vipera latastei [r]: Lataste's viper, snub-nosed viper; venomous viper species found in extreme southwestern Europe and northwestern Africa. [e]
  • Vipera latifii [r]: Latifi's viper; venomous viper species endemic in Iran. [e]
  • Vipera lotievi [r]: Caucasian meadow viper; venomous viper species found in Russia, [e]
  • Vipera monticola [r]: Atlas mountain viper; venomous viper species endemic in Morocco. [e]
  • Vipera nikolskii [r]: Nikolsky's adder, forest-steppe adder; venomous viper species endemic in Ukraine. [e]
  • Vipera palaestinae [r]: Palestine viper; venomous viper species found in Syria, Jordan, Israel and Lebanon. [e]
  • Vipera pontica [r]: Pontic adder; venomous viper species found in Turkey and Georgia. [e]
  • Vipera raddei [r]: Rock viper, Radde's mountain viper, Armenian mountain viper; venomous viper species found in Turkey, Iran, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and possibly also in Iraq. [e]
  • Vipera seoanei cantabrica [r]: Venomous viper subspecies found in the south central parts of the Cantabrian Mountains in Spain. [e]
  • Vipera seoanei [r]: Baskian viper; venomous viper species found in extreme southwestern France and the northern regions of Spain and Portugal. [e]
  • Vipera ursinii [r]: Meadow viper, Ursini's viper; very widespread species of venomous viper, found from southeastern France all the way to China. [e]
  • Vipera wagneri [r]: Venomous viper species found in eastern Turkey and northwest Iran. [e]
  • Vipera xanthina [r]: Rock viper, coastal viper, Ottoman viper, Turkish viper, Near East viper; venomous viper species found in northeastern Greece and Turkey, as well as certain islands in the Aegean Sea. [e]
  • Vipera [r]: Genus of venomous vipers. [e]
  • Viperinae [r]: (Pitless vipers, true vipers, Old World vipers); a subfamily of venomous vipers found in Europe, Asia and Africa, distinguished by their lack of the heat-sensing pit organs that characterize their sister group, the Crotalinae. [e]