From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
- See also changes related to Renaissance, or pages that link to Renaissance or to this page or whose text .
- World history : The study and teaching of connections within the global community.
- Classical architecture : Architecture in the tradition of ancient Greece or Rome or of the classical revival in 16th century Italy.
- Deism : A religious philosophy which holds that religious beliefs must be founded on human reason and observed features of the natural world, and that these sources reveal the existence of a God or supreme being.
- Florence : Add brief definition or description
- France : Western European republic (population c. 64.1 million; capital Paris) extending across Europe from the English Channel in the north-west to the Mediterranean in the south-east; bounded by Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Andorra and Spain; founding member of the European Union. Colonial power in Southeast Asia until 1954.
- History of scientific method : Development and elaboration of rules for scientific reasoning and investigation.
- Humanism : A group of ethical theories that place the human being at the center of our moral concern. Also, an intellectual trend towards such ethical theories that occurred in the Western Renaissance and Reformation.
- Italy : Southern European republic (population c. 58.1 million; capital Rome) that has northern borders with France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia, and coastlines on the Tyrrhenian, Mediterranean, Ionian and Adriatic seas; founding member of the European Union.
- Johannes Gutenberg : German goldsmith and inventor of movable type printing.
- Petrarch : (1304–74) Italian poet, humanist and essayist, and one of the most important intellectual figures of the early Renaissance.
- Political philosophy : Branch of philosophy that deals with fundamental questions about politics.
- Republicanism : The political ideology of a nation as a republic, with an emphasis on liberty, rule by the people, and the civic virtue practiced by citizens.
- Rome : The capital city of Italy.
- Science : The organized body of knowledge based on non–trivial refutable concepts that can be verified or rejected on the base of observation and experimentation
- Venice : City and major seaport in northern Italy that is famous for its canals, and for its role as a republic and major trade hub in medieval Europe.
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- Anthropology : The holistic study of humankind; from the Greek words anthropos ("human") and logia ("study").
- Astronomy : The study of objects and processes in the observable universe, e.g. stars, planets, comets or asteroids.
- Atheism : Absence of belief in any god or other supernatural beings; distinct from antitheism, or opposition to religion, and agnosticism, the position that one cannot know whether such beings exist.
- Boudica : Queen of the British Iceni who led a revolt against the Roman occupation in AD 60 or 61.
- Chanticleer (choir) : American a cappella vocal group specializing in Renaissance music.
- Chess : Board game for two players played on a checkered board requiring skill, strategy and intellect.
- Crusades : Medieval wars of religion fought by Christians, the most famous being in the Holy Land.
- Elizabeth I : Queen of England (reigned 1559-1603).
- England : The largest and southernmost country in the United Kingdom, and location of the largest city and seat of government, London; population about 51,000,000.
- Galen : (ca. 131 - ca. 201) Pergamum-born influential physician of antiquity, who produced a philosophically sophisticated synthesis of earlier medical theories of the body that was dominant until the seventeenth century.
- Geoffrey of Monmouth : Welsh medieval author of the largely legendary History of the Kings of Britain.
- Gerontology : Biomedical, sociological and psychological study of aging.
- History : Study of past human events based on evidence such as written documents.
- Latin language : An Indo-European language of the Italic group which was the dominant medium of communication in western Europe for many centuries; the ancestor of today's Romance languages, such as French and Spanish.
- Literature : The profession of “letters” (from Latin litteras), and written texts considered as aesthetic and expressive objects.
- Martin Luther : German theologian and monk (1483-1546); led the Reformation; believed that salvation is granted on the basis of faith rather than deeds.
- Mathematics : The study of quantities, structures, their relations, and changes thereof.
- Middle Ages : Period in European history, lasting from the fall of the Roman Empire in 476 AD to the fall of Constantinople (1453) or the beginning of the Renaissance around 1500 AD.
- Paracelsus : (1493-1541) An early Renaissance alchemist, philosopher and physician credited with founding the modern fields of pharmacology and toxicology.
- Piazza Telematica : Add brief definition or description
- Ptolemy : (2nd century AD) Egyptian astronomer and geographer whose main work, the Almagest, a compendium of contemporary astronomical knowledge, was in use into the 15th century.
- Sephardi Jews : Add brief definition or description
- Simple machine : Six mechanical concepts, known from antiquity, which form the basis of many modern tools and machines
- Socrates : (ca. 470–399 BCE) Greek philosopher who is credited with laying the foundations of western philosophy; sentenced to death in Athens for heresy.
- Soranus of Ephesus : (1st - 2nd century) Greek physician from Ephesus, who was one of the chief representatives of the Methodic school of medicine.
- Strasbourg : Capital of Alsace in France.
- Vesalius : (1514 - 1564) Flemish physician who revolutionized the field of anatomy by laying the groundwork for a new, observation-based methodology, using dissections of human cadavers.
- Welding : Fabrication process that joins materials, usually metals or thermoplastics, by causing coalescence at a high melting point.