Radical Islamism/Related Articles
From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
- See also changes related to Radical Islamism, or pages that link to Radical Islamism or to this page or whose text .
- Islam : Religion founded by Muhammad whose sacred book is the Qur'an (Koran).
- Islamist : A person who holds that Islam should guide social and political as well as personal life.
- Jihad : Literally meaning "struggle", a Muslim concept that can refer to an inward-directed personal process to submit to God's will, or to an external combat with the enemies of Islam
- Al-wala’ wa’l-bara’ : A Muslim, primarily Salafist belief that the faithful should show exclusive allegiance to Allah and Islam, and repudiation of unbelief and unbelievers, not associating with non-Muslims
- Kuffar : An Arabic word that can be translated "infidels" or "non-Muslims"; it is considered somewhat derogatory. Strict Salafists, however, prefer it.
- Salafism : A strict branch of Sunni Islam, dedicated to the restoration of the Caliphate, often by means of armed jihad
- Shirk : An Arabic word literally meaning polytheism, but interpreted by some Salafist clerics, such as Abu Muhammad al-Maqdisi, to include allegiance to any government, even ostensibly Islamist, which does not follow strict Sharia law.
- Takfir : A Muslim, primarily Salafist practice of excommunication or shunning of non-observant Muslims; it may extend to killing them
- Wilayat al-faqih : A controversial concept in Shi'a Islam, "authority of the jurisprudent", developed by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini as the basis for clerical rule in Iran; by no means universally accepted by Iraqi and other Shi'a
- Near enemy : A radical Islamist term of art referring to ostensibly Muslim regimes that are corrupt, do not run by strict Sharia, or both; Egypt, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia are often given as examples
- Far enemy : A term of art in radical Islam, it refers to non-Muslim nations considered enemies of Islam; the United States is usually considered first, then Western countries, then non-Muslim non-Muslim countries; Israel is be included in the group, which Osama bin Laden calls the "Crusader-Zionist alliance"
- Abu Muhammad al-Maqdisi : A Salafist theologian with much influence on Jihad, currently in Jordan; some affiliation with al-Qaeda but not necessarily in full agreement with their approach
- Abu Basir al-Tartusi : A Syrian-born Salafist theologian, living in London, highly visible on the Internet and a prominent pro-jihad theoretician
- Al-Qaeda : International islamist terrorist network. Responsible for the 9-11 attack and other terrorist attacks.
- Osama bin Laden : Radical jihadist who, with Ayman al-Zawahiri, founded a group known as al-Qaeda, which is credited with a series of terrorist attacks.
- Ayman al-Zawahiri : Generally considered the #2 leader of al-Qaeda, an Egyptian physician who was mentored, in a faction of the Muslim Brotherhood, by Sayyid Qutb
- Anwar al-Aulaqi : American-born radical Islamic cleric, later resident in Yemen, who was associated with al-Qaeda and Hamas, Nidal Hasan and possibly Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab (1971-2011).
- Abu Musab al-Zarqawi : Killed in an airstrike in 2006, the head of al-Qaeda in Iraq, who had previously run a separate organization
- Abu Qatada al-Filistini : A Salafist cleric, named by the United Nations Security Council as a financial supporter of al-Qaeda and the Algerian jihadist groups, under house arrest in London
- Abd al-Qadir bin ‘Abd al-‘Aziz : A Salafist scholar who was the first leader of Egyptian Islamic Jihad, and an opponent, within jihadist circles, of Ayman al-Zawahiri
- Taliban : Salafist Islamic militia, governing Afghanistan 1996–2001; still fighting in Pakistan and Afghanistan.
- State of Iran : The system of governance, government, and opposition (including insurgency) in Iran; characterized by both a complex structure of six or more constitutional bodies, and ultimate religious authority under the doctrine of wilayat al-faqih
- Islamophobia : An intense suspicion of all who practice Islam, tending to associate both peaceful and militant Muslims with Jihadist and Islamist views
- Pamela Geller : An American conservative blogger specializing in concern over radical Islamism
- Brigitte Gabriel : President, American Congress for Truth; advisor, U.S. Committee for a Free Lebanon; Hasbara speakers bureau
- Robert Spencer : Director of Jihad Watch and Dhimmi Watch; advisory board, American Congress for Truth; columnist, Frontpage Magazine