NOTICE: Citizendium is still being set up on its newer server, treat as a beta for now; please see here for more.
Citizendium - a community developing a quality comprehensive compendium of knowledge, online and free. Click here to join and contribute—free
CZ thanks our previous donors. Donate here. Treasurer's Financial Report -- Thanks to our content contributors. --

Radical Islamism

From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
(Redirected from Radical Islam)
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is developing and not approved.
Main Article
Talk
Related Articles  [?]
Bibliography  [?]
External Links  [?]
Citable Version  [?]
 
This editable Main Article is under development and not meant to be cited; by editing it you can help to improve it towards a future approved, citable version. These unapproved articles are subject to a disclaimer.

Radical Islamism is a Western concept, but refers to both violent and political activities to replace democratic government with theocratic government ruling by sharia. It does not equate to terrorism, but is an effort to build long-term structures. The term appeared in the 9-11 Commission Report: "radical ideological movement (commonly known as Islamism or radical Islam) in the Islamic world ... which has spawned terrorist groups and violence across the globe."

Fighting radical Islamism does not equate to fighting a religion,[1] although radicals often attempt to paint Western efforts in those terms, and Islamophobic rhetoric may give that impression. Anti-religious rhetoric, indeed, hurts the broad area of information operations as a part of grand strategy against actual threats.

The fight against specific factions, however, may involve theology or Islamic law. For example, a fatwa has traditionally been issued by recognized legal scholars, which the leaders of al-Qaeda are not. It has been proposed to attack the religious legitimacy of their rulings. [2]

Individual groups vary in their targeting, theology, nationalism, etc.

Priorities in armed jihad

One important distinction probably was originated by al-Qaeda, probably by Ayman al-Zawahiri, that of the near enemy and far enemy. The near enemy is characterized by Muslim governments that are considered, by their critics, to be insufficiently observant of Islamic law.

Sects as proxies

As in Iraq, there may be Islamic sectarian conflict for legitimacy, although the theology, as with Northern Ireland, can be a surrogate for socioeconomic and political issues.

The source of authority

Within Shi'a, there can be conflict between the ultimate political authority being nonclerical, or, with the Iranian revolutionary movement, the wilayat al-faqih doctrine of "authority of the jurisprudent."

State and quasi-state support

Perceptions

The growing threat has led to both Islamophobia, and also to harassment of non-militant Muslims, and even non-Muslims incorrectly believed to be Muslims, such as Sikhs.

References

  1. Mehdi Mozaffari (17 November 2003), "Is It Possible to Combat Radical Islamism Without Combating Islam?", History News Network, George Mason University
  2. Brian Drinkwine (January 26, 2009), "The Serpent in Our Garden: Al-Qa'ida and the Long War", Carlisle Papers, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College