Posterior pituitary/Related Articles
From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
- See also changes related to Posterior pituitary, or pages that link to Posterior pituitary or to this page or whose text .
- Neuroendocrinology : The study of the interactions between the nervous system and the endocrine system.
- Circumventricular organs : Specialised sites in the brain, positioned at sites around the margin of the ventricular system, which have an incomplete blood-brain barrier.
- Endocrinology : Generically, the study of glands and the hormonal regulation of physiology; also the subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with diseases of the endocrine system
- Herring body : Very large swellings in the axons of the neurosecretory neurons that innervate the posterior pituitary gland, that are the sites of autophagic degradation of aged neurosecretory vesicles.
- Pituicyte : Astrocytic glial cells that constitute the principal cell type intrinsic to the posterior pituitary gland.
- Peptide hormone : A class of chemical messengers, secreted into the blood from endocrine cells, that bind to specific receptors expressed on the plasma membrane of target cells.
- Vasopressin : A hormone also called (arginine vasopressin, (AVP); formerly known as antidiuretic hormone, ADH), produced in the hypothalamus secreted from the posterior pituitary that causes kidneys to concentrate urine to conserve water, also causes vasoconstriction.
- Oxytocin : A mammalian hormone that is secreted into the bloodstream from the posterior pituitary gland, and which is also released into the brain where it has effects on social behaviors.
- Diabetes insipidus : Disease caused by a deficiency in the secretion of vasopressin, or by the failure of the kidney to respond to vasopressin.
- Geoffrey Harris : (1913 - 1971) The "father" of neuroendocrinology.
- Glenn Hatton : (1934-2009) neuroscientist known for his pioneering work on the interactions between neurons and glial cells.
- Hypothalamus : A part of the mammalian brain located below the thalamus, forming the major portion of the ventral region of the diencephalon.
- Paraventricular nucleus : Aggregation of neurons in the hypothalamus with important roles in neurendocrine regulation.
- Supraoptic nucleus : An aggregation in the hypothalamus of magnocellular neurosecretory neurones that project to the posterior pituitary gland, and which secrete the hormones oxytocin and vasopressin
- Magnocellular neurosecretory cell : Large neuroendocrine neuron in the supraoptic nucleus and paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus that projects to the posterior pituitary gland.