Papacy/Timelines

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A timeline (or several) relating to Papacy.

This list includes popes and significant antipopes (there are a couple of dozen antipopes at the present day, but their followings are minute). The main source is the official Annuario pontificio (2012 edition). In particular, its judgments, or suspensions of judgment, are followed in the first column distinguishing between popes and antipopes, with question marks where status is uncertain. Blanks in this column are to be understood as the same as the last non-blank entry above them. Where two or three dates are given for the beginning of a reign, without "or" connecting them, they are dates of election, ordination and coronation. Under current canon law, if the man elected is already a bishop, he becomes pope from the instant of his formal acceptance of election; otherwise from ordination as a bishop. This may not always have ben true in the past, but AP does not go into details. Information for the first two centuries is historically uncertain. AP gives names in Italian; translations here are not always unique.

Status Papal name Birth Reign Death Original name
Pope St Peter Bethsaida, Galilee 30[1]-64 or 33-67 29 June 64 or 67, Rome Simon, or Simeon, bar Jona
St Linus Tuscany 68-79 79 Linus
St Anacletus or Cletus Rome 80-92 88 Cletus, Anacletus, or Anencletus
St Clement I Rome 92-99 (or 68-76) Clemens
St Evaristus Greece 99 or 96 to 108 108 Evaristus, or Aristus
St Alexander I Rome 108 or 109 to 116 or 119 Alexander
St Sixtus I Rome 117 or 119 to 126 or 128 Sixtus, or Xystus
St Telesphorus Greece 127 or 128 to 137 or 138 Telesphorus
St Hyginus Greece 138 to 142 or 149 Hyginus
St Pius I Aquileia (Venice) 142 or 146 to 157 or 161 Pius
St Anicetus Emesa, Syria 150 or 157 to 153 or 168 Anicetus
St Soter Fondi, Campania 162 or 168 to 170 or 177 Soter
St Eleutherius Nicopolis, Epirus 171 or 177 to 185 or 193 Eleutherius
St Victor I Africa (Tunisia or Algeria) 186 or 189 to 197 or 201 Victor
St Zephyrinus Rome 198 to 217 or 218 Zephyrinus
St Callistus I Rome 218–222 222 Callistus
Antipope St Hippolytus 170, Rome 217–235 Hippolytus
Pope St Urban I Rome 222–230 230 Urban
St Pontian Rome 21 July 230–28 September 235 236, Sardinia Pontian
St Anterus Greece 21 November 235–3 January 236 3 January 236 Anterus
St Fabian Rome 236–20 January 250 20 January 250 Fabianus
St Cornelius Rome 6 or 13 March 251 June 253 253 Cornelius
Antipope Novatian Rome 251
Pope St Lucius I Rome June or July 253–5 March 254 5 March 254, Rome Lucius
St Stephen I Rome 12 March 254–2 August 257 2 August 257 Stephen
St Sixtus II Greece 30 Aug 257 to 6 August 258 Aug 6, 258 Sixtus
St Dionysius unknown Jul 22, 259 to 26 December 268 Dec 26, 268 Dionysius
St Felix I Rome Jan 5, 269 to 30 December 274 Dec 30, 274 Felix
St Eutychian Luni Jan 4, 275 to 7 December 283 Dec 7, 283 Eutychian
St Caius Dalmatia Dec 17, 283 to 22 April 296 Apr 22, 296 Caius, or Gaius
St Marcellinus Rome Jun 30, 296 to 25 October 304 Oct 25, 304 Marcellinus
St Marcellus I Rome 306 (or 308) to 16 January 309 (or 308 or 310) Marcellus
St Eusebius Greece Apr 18, 310 to 17 August 309 (or 308 or 310) Eusebius
St Miltiades or Melchiades Africa (Tunisia or Algeria) Jul 2, 311 to 10 January 314 Jan 10, 314 Miltiades, or Melchiades
St Sylvester I Rome Jan 31, 314 to Dec 31, 335 Dec 31, 335 Sylvester
St Mark Rome 18 January 336–7 October 336 7 October 336 Marcus
St Julius I Rome Feb 6, 337 to 12 April 352 Apr 12, 352 Julius
Liberius Rome May 17, 352 to 24 September 366 Sep 24, 366 Liberius
Antipope Felix II Rome 355 to 22 November 365 365 Felix
Pope St Damasus I Rome Oct 1, 366 to 11 December 384 Dec 11, 384 Damasus
Antipope Ursinus 24 September 366–367 385 Ursinus
Pope St Siricius Rome 15, 22 or 29 December 384 to 26 November 399 Siricius
St Anastasius I Rome 27 November 399 to 19 December 401 Anastasius
St Innocent I Albano Dec 22, 401 to 12 March 417 Mar 12, 417 Innocent
St Zosimus Greece Mar 18, 417 to 26 December 418 Dec 26, 418 Zosimus
Antipope Eulalius 27, 29 December 418 to 3 April 419 423 Eulalius
Pope St Boniface I Rome 28, 29 December 418–4 September 422 4 September 422 Boniface
Celestine I Campania Sep 10, 422 to 27 July 432 Jul 27, 432
Sixtus III (Xystus) Rome Jul 31, 432 to 19 August 440 Aug 19, 440
Leo I (the Great) Tuscany Sep 29, 440 to 10 November 461
Hilarus (Hilary) Sardinia 19 November 461 to 29 February 468 Feb 29, 468
Simplicius Tivoli Mar 3, 468 to 10 March 483 Mar 10, 483
Felix III (or II) Rome Mar 13, 483 to 25 February or 1 March 492
Gelasius I Africa (Tunisia or Algeria) 1 March 492 to 21 November 496
Anastasius II Rome 24 November 496 to 19 November 498
Symmachus Sardinia 22 November 498 to 19 July 514
Antipope Laurence 22 November 498 to 499; 502-6 508
Pope Hormisdas Frosinone Jul 20, 514 to 6 August 523 Aug 6, 523
John I Tuscany Aug 13, 523 to 18 May 526 May 18, 526
Felix IV (or III) Samnium Jul 12, 526 to 20 or 22 September 530
Antipope?[2] Dioscorus Alexandria 20 or 22 September 530 to 14 October 530
Pope Boniface II Rome Sep 20 or 22, 530 to 17 October 532 Oct 17, 532
John II Rome 31 December 532, Jan 2, 533 to 8 May 535 May 8, 535 Mercurius
Agapitus I Rome May 13, 535 to 22 April 536 Apr 22, 536
Silverius Frosinone Jun 8, 536 to 537[3]
Vigilius Rome (Mar 29,) 537 to 7 June 555 Jun 7, 555
Pelagius I Rome Apr 16, 556 to 4 March 561 Mar 3, 561
John III Rome Jul 17, 561 to 13 July 574 Jul 13, 574 Catalino
Benedict I Rome Jun 2, 575 to 30 July 579 Jul 30, 579
Pelagius II Rome 26 November 579 to 7 February 590 Feb 7, 590
Gregory I (the Great) Rome Sep 3, 590 to 12 March 604 Mar 12, 604
Sabinian Blera, Tuscany March, Sep 13, 604 to 22 February 606 Feb 22, 606
Boniface III Rome Feb 19 to 10 November 607
Boniface IV Marsica, Italy 25 August 608 to 8 May 615 May 8, 615
Deusdedit or Adeodatus I Rome Oct 19, 615 to 8 November 618
Boniface V Naples Dec 23, 619 23 October 625 Oct 25, 625
Honorius I Campania Oct 27, 625 to 12 October 638 Oct 12, 638
Severinus Rome October 638, May 28, 640 to 2 August 640 Aug 2, 640
John IV Dalmatia October, Dec 24, 640 to 12 October 642 Oct 12, 642
Theodore I Jerusalem 12 October, 24 November 642 to 14 May 649 May 14, 649
Martin I Todi Jul 5, 649 to 16 September 655[4] (or 17 June 653) Sep 16, 655| style="background:#C0C0C0" |
Eugenius I Rome Aug 10, 654? Jun 2, 657
Vitalian Segni Jul 30, 657 to 27 January 652 Jan 27, 672
Adeodatus II Rome Apr 11, 672 to 16 June 676 Jun 17, 676
Donus Rome 2 November 676 to 11 April 678
Agatho Sicily Jun 27, 678 to 10 January 681 Jan 10, 681
Leo II Sicily January 681, Aug 17, 682 to 3 July 683 Jul 3, 683
Benedict II Rome Jun 26, 684 to 8 May 685 May 8, 685
John V Syria Jul 23, 685 to 2 August 686 Aug 2, 686
Conon unknown Oct 23, 686 to 21 September 687 Sep 21, 687
Antipope Theodore 687
Paschal 687 692
Pope Sergius I Syria Dec 15, 687 to 7 September 701
John VI Greece Oct 30, 701 to 11 January 705 Jan 11, 705
John VII Greece Mar 1, 705 to 18 October 707 Oct 18, 707
Sisinnius Syria Jan 15, 708 to 4 February 708
Constantine Syria Mar 25, 708 to 9 April 715 Apr 9, 715
Gregory II Rome May 19, 715 to 11 February 731 Feb 11, 731
Gregory III Syria Mar 18, 731 to Nov 28, 741
Zacharias Greece Dec 3, 741 to 15 March 752 Mar 15, 752
Stephen II (or III)[5] Rome Mar 26, 752 26 April 757 Apr 26, 757
Paul I Rome April, May 29, 757 to 28 June 767 Jun 28, 767
Antipope Constantine Nepi 28 June, 5 July 767 to 30 July 768 768
Philip 31 July 768
Pope Stephen III (or IV) Sicily Aug 1, 7, 768 to 24 January 772 Jan 24, 772
Hadrian I Rome Feb 1, 9, 772 to 25 December 795 Dec 25, 795
Leo III Rome Dec 26, 27, 795 to 12 June 816 Jun 12, 816
Stephen IV (or V) Rome Jun 22, 816 to 24 January 817 Jan 24, 817
Paschal I Rome Jan 25, 817 to February-May 824
Eugenius II Rome February-May 824 to August 827
Valentine Rome Aug to Sep 827 Sep 827
Gregory IV Rome September 827, 29 March 828 to 25 January 844 Jan 25, 844
Antipope John 25 January 844
Pope Sergius II Rome 25 Jan 844 to 27 January 847 Jan 27, 847
Leo IV Rome January, Apr 10, 847 to 17 July 855 Jul 17, 855
Benedict III Rome July, Sep 29, 855 to 17 April 858 Apr 17, 858
Antipope Anastasius Bibliothecarius 21 to 24 September 855 c. 878
Pope Nicholas I (the Great) Rome Apr 24, 858 to 13 November 867
Hadrian II Rome Dec 14, 867 to November or December 872
John VIII Rome Dec 14, 872 to 16 December 882 Dec 16, 882
Marinus I (Martin II) Gallese Dec, 882 to 15 May 884 May 15, 884
Hadrian III Rome May 17, 884 to August or September 885
Stephen V (or VI) Rome Sep 885 to 14 September 891 Sep 14, 891
Formosus Porto? Oct 6, 891 to 4 April 896 Apr 4, 896
Boniface VI Rome 11 to 26 Apr 896
Stephen VI (or VII) Rome May or June 896 to July or August 897
Romanus Gallese July or August to November 897
Theodore II Rome December 897 to December 897 or January 898
John IX Tivoli Dec 897 or Jan 898 to January-May 900
Benedict IV Rome January-May 900 to July 903
Leo V Ardea July to September 903 904[6]
Antipope Christopher Rome September 903 to January 904 904
Pope Sergius III Rome Jan 29, 904 to 14 April 911 Apr 14, 911
Anastasius III Rome June or September 911 to June, August or October 913
Lando Sabina, Italy July or November 913 to March 914 Mar 914
John X Tossignano (Imola) Mar/Apr 914 to May or June 928
Leo VI Rome May or June 928 to December 928 or January 929
Stephen VII (or VIII) Rome January 929 to February 931 Feb 931
John XI Rome Mar 931 to January 936
Leo VII Rome Jan 936 to 13 July 939 Jul 13, 939
Stephen VIII (or IX) Rome Jul 14, 939 to October 942 Oct 942
Marinus II (Martin III) Rome 30 Oct, Nov 942 to May 946 May 946
Agapitus II Rome May 10, 946 to December 955 Dec 955
John XII Tusculum? Dec 16, 955 to 14 May 964 (or 4 December 963)[7] May 14, 964 Octavian
 ? Leo VIII Rome Dec 4, 6, 963 to March 965
Benedict V Rome May 964 to 4 July 964 or 965 (or 23 June 964?) 966[8]
Pope John XIII Rome Oct 1, 965 to 6 September 972 Sep 6, 972
Benedict VI Rome december 972, Jan 19, 973 to July 974 Jul 974
Antipope Boniface VII Rome June to July 974; Aug 984 to 20 July 985 Jul 20, 985 Franco
Pope Benedict VII Rome Oct 974 to 10 July 983 Jul 10, 983
John XIV Pavia Nov or Dec 983 to 20 August 984 Aug 20, 984 Peter
John XV Rome Aug 985 to March 996 Mar 996 John
Gregory V Saxony May 3, 996 to February or March 999 Bruno of Carinthia
Antipope John XVI Rossano| | Feb or Mar 997 to May 998 1001 John Filagato
Pope Sylvester II Aquitaine Apr 2, 999 to 12 May 1003 May 12, 1003 Gerbert of Aurillac
John XVII Rome May 16 to 6 November, 1003 Sicco
John XVIII Rome 25 December 1003 to June or July 1009 Fasanus
Sergius IV Rome 31 July 1009 to 12 May 1012 May 12, 1012 Pietro
Antipope Gregory VI May-Dec 1012
Pope Benedict VIII Tusculum? 18 May 1012 to 9 April 1024 Apr 9, 1024 Theophylact II of Tusculum
John XIX Tusculum? Apr 19, 1024 to 1032 Romanus of Tusculum
Benedict IX Tusculum? August or September 1032-Sep 1044; 10 March to 1 May 1045; October 1047 to July 1048 Theophylact III of Tusculum
Sylvester III Rome Jan 13 or 20-Mar 1045 1063 John
Gregory VI Rome May 1, 1045-Dec 20, 1046 1047 John Gratian
Clement II Saxony Dec 24, 1046 to 9 October 1047 Oct 9, 1047 Suidger of Bamberg
Damasus II Tyrol Jul 17, 1048 to 9 August 1048 Aug 9, 1048 Poppo of Brixen
Leo IX Alsace Feb 2, 12, 1049 to 19 April 1054 Apr 19, 1054 Bruno of Egisheim
Victor II Swabia Apr 13, 1055 to 28 July 1057 Jul 28, 1057 Gebhard of Dollnstein-Hirschberg
Stephen IX (or X) Lorraine Aug 2, 3, 1057 to 29 March 1058 Mar 29, 1058 Frederick of Lorraine
Antipope Benedict X Rome 5 April 1058 to January 1059  ? John
Pope Nicholas II Burgundy Dec 1058, 24 January 1059 to 27 July 1061 Jul 1061 Gerard
Alexander II Baggio (Milan) Sep 30, 1 October 1061 to 21 April 1073 Apr 21, 1073 Anselm
Antipope Honorius II Veronese 28 October 1061 to 31 May 1064 1071/2 Cadalus
Pope Gregory VII Tuscany Apr 22, 30 June 1073 to 25 May 1085 May 25, 1085 Hildebrand
Antipope Clement III Parma 25 June 1080; 24 March 1084 to 8 September 1100 Guibert
Pope Victor III Benevento May 24, 1086, May 9, 1087 to 16 September 1087 Sep 16, 1087 Dauferio (Desiderius)
Urban II Châtillon-sur-Marne Mar 12, 1088 to 29 July 1099 Jul 29, 1099 Odo of Lagery
Paschal II Bleda or Galeate (Ravenna) Aug 13, 14, 1099 to 21 January 1118 Jan 21, 1118 Rainerius
Antipope Theoderic Albano? 1100 1102
Albert Sabina? 1101
Sylvester IV Rome 18 November 1105 to 12 or 13 April 1111 Maginulf
Pope Gelasius II Gaeta Jan 24, 10 March 1118 to 28 January 1119 Jan 29, 1119 John Caetani
Antipope Gregory VIII France 10 March 1118 to 22 April 1121 Mauritius Burdinus
Pope Callistus II Burgundy? Feb 2, 9, 1119 to 13 or 14 December 1124 Guido of Burgundy
Honorius II Fiagnano (Imola) Dec 15, 21, 1124 to 13 or 14 February 1130 Lambert Scannabecchi
Antipope Celestine II Rome December 1124 Tebaldo Buccapecus
Pope Innocent II Rome Feb 14, 23, 1130 to 24 September 1143 Sep 24, 1143 Gregorio Papareschi
Antipope Anacletus II Rome 14, 23 February 1130 to 25 January 1138 1138 Pietro Pierleoni
Victor IV Ceccano March 1138 to 29 May 1138 Gregorio
Pope Celestine II Castello Sep 26, 3 October 1143 to 8 March 1144 Mar 8, 1144 Guido di Castello
Lucius II Bologna Mar 12, 1144 to 15 February 1145 Feb 15, 1145 Gerardo
Eugenius III Pisa Feb 15, 18, 1145 to 8 July 1153 Jul 8, 1153 Bernardo
Anastasius IV Rome Jul 12, 1153 to 3 December 1154 Dec 3, 1154 Conrad
Hadrian IV Abbot's Langley (Hertfordshire) Dec 4, 5, 1154 to 1 September 1159 Sep 1, 1159 Nicholas Breakspear
Alexander III Siena Sep 7, 20, 1159 to 30 August 1181 Aug 30, 1181 Orlando Bandinelli
Antipope Victor IV Monticelli? (Tivoli) 7 September, 4 October 1159 to 20 April 1164 Ottaviano of Monticelli
Paschal III Crema? 22, 26 April 1164 to 20 September 1168 Guido of Crema
Callistus III Strumi? (Arezzo) September 1168 to 29 August 1178 Giovanni
Innocent III Sezze 29 September 1179 to January 1180 Lando
Pope Lucius III Lucca Sep 1, 6, 1181 to 25 November 1185 Nov 25, 1185 Ubaldo Allucingoli
Urban III Milan Nov 25, 1 December 1185 to 20 October 1187 Oct 20, 1187 Uberto Crivelli
Gregory VIII Benevento Oct 21, 25, to 17 December 1187 Dec 17, 1187 Alberto di Morra
Clement III Rome Dec 19, 20, 1187 to March 1191 Mar 1191 Paolo Scolari
Celestine III Rome 10, 14 April 1191 to 8 January 1198 Jan 8, 1198 Giacinto Bobone
Innocent III Gavignano (Rome) Jan 8, 22 February 1198 to 16 July 1216 Jul 16, 1216 Lothar of Segni
Honorius III Rome Jul 18, 24, 1216 to 18 March 1227 Mar 18, 1227 Cencio
Gregory IX Anagni Mar 19, 21, 1227 to 22 August 1241 Aug 22, 1241 Ugolino dei Conti di Segni
Celestine IV Milan Oct 25, 28, to 10 November 1241 Nov 10, 1241 Goffredo da Castiglione
Innocent IV Lavagna (Genoa) Jun 25, 28, 1243 to 7 December 1254 Dec 7, 1254 Sinibaldo Fieschi
Alexander IV Ienne (Rome) Dec 12, 20, 1254 to 25 May 1261 May 25, 1261 Rinaldo dei signori di Ienne
Urban IV Troyes Aug 29, 4 September 1261 to 2 October 1264 Oct 2, 1264 Jacques Pantaléon
Clement IV Saint-Gilles (S. France) Feb 5, 22, 1265 to 29 November 1268 Nov 29, 1268 Guy Foucois
Gregory X Piacenza Sep 1, 1271, 27 March 1272 to 10 January 1276 Jan 10, 1276 Tedaldo Visconti
Innocent V Savoy Jan 21, 22 February to 22 June 1276 Jun 22, 1276 Pierre of Tarentaise
Hadrian V Genoa Jul 11, to 18 August 1276 Aug 18, 1276 Ottobono Fieschi
John XXI Lisbon 16, 20 Sep 1276 to 20 May 1277 May 20, 1277 Pedro Juliano or Pedro the Spaniard
Nicholas III Rome Nov 25, 26 December 1277 to 22 August 1280 Aug 22, 1280 Giovanni Gaetano Orsini
Martin IV France Feb 22, 23 March 1281 to 29 March 1285 Mar 28, 1285 Simon de Brie, de Brion or de Mainpincien
Honorius IV Rome Apr 2, 20 May 1285 to 3 April 1287 Apr 3, 1287 Giacomo Savelli
Nicholas IV Lisciano (Ascoli Piceno) Feb 22, 1288 to 4 April 1292 Apr 4, 1292 Girolamo
Celestine V Molise (Italy) Jul 5, 29 August-Dec 13, 1294 13 December 1294 Pietro del Morrone
Boniface VIII Anagni Dec 24, 1294, 23 January 1295 to 11 October 1303 Oct 11, 1303 Benedetto Caetani
Benedict XI Treviso Oct 22, 27, 1303 7 July 1304 Jul 7, 1304 Niccolò di Boccasio
Clement V Villandraut (Gironde) Jun 5, 14 November 1305 to 20 April 1314 Apr 20, 1314 Bertrand de Got
John XXII Cahors Aug 7, 5 September 1316 to 4 December 1334 Dec 4, 1334 Jacques Duèse
Antipope Nicholas V Corvaro (Rieti) 12, 22 May 1328 to 25 August 1330 16 October 1333 Pietro Rinalducci or Rainalducci
Pope Benedict XII Saverdun (S. France) Dec 20, 1334, 8 January 1335 to 25 April 1342 Apr 25, 1342 Jacques Fournier
Clement VI Maumont (Limousin) May 7, 19, 1342 to 6 December 1352 Dec 6, 1352 Pierre Roger
Innocent VI Monts (Limousin) Dec 18, 30, 1352 to 12 September 1362 Sept 12, 1362 Etienne Aubert
Urban V Grizac (S. France) Sep 28, 6 November 1362 to 19 December 1370 Dec 19, 1370 Guillaume Grimoard
Gregory XI Rosiers d'Egletons (Limousin) Dec 30, 1370, 3 January 1371 to 26 March 1378 Pierre Roger de Beaufort
Urban VI Naples Apr 8, 18, 1378 to 15 October 1389 Oct 15, 1389 Bartolomeo Prignano
Antipope Clement VII Geneva 20 September, 31 October 1378 to 16 September 1394 Robert of Geneva
Pope Boniface IX Naples Nov 2, 9 1389 to 1 October 1404 Oct 1, 1404 Pietro Tomacelli
Antipope Benedict XIII Illueca (Aragon) Sep 28, 11 October 1394 to 29 November 1422 or 23 May 1423 Pedro Martínez de Luna
Pope Innocent VII Sulmona Oct 17, 11 November 1404 to 6 November 1406 Nov 6, 1406 Cosma Migliorati
Gregory XII Venice Nov 30, 19 December 1406-4 July 1415 18 October 1417 Angelo Correr
Antipope Alexander V Kare (Crete) 26 June, 7 July 1409 to 3 May 1410 Petros Philargis
John XXIII Naples 17, 25 May 1410 to 29 May 1415 27 December 1419 Baldassare Cossa
Pope Martin V Genazzano Nov 11, 21, 1417 to 20 February 1431 Feb 20, 1431 Odo Colonna
Antipope Clement VIII 10 June 1423 to 26 July 1429 28 December 1447 Gil Sánchez Muñoz
Benedict XIV 12 November 1425 to 1430 Bernard Garnier
Pope Eugenius IV Venice Mar 3, 11, 1431 to 23 February 1447 Feb 23, 1447 Gabriele Condulmer
Antipope Felix V Chambéry 5 November 1439, 24 July 1440 to 7 April 1449 7 January 1451 Duke Amadeus VIII of Savoy
Pope Nicholas V Sarzana Mar 6, 19, 1447 to 24 March 1455 Mar 24, 1455 Tommaso Parentucelli
Callistus III Torre, Canals, Játiva (Valencia) Apr 8, 20, 1455 to 6 August 1458 Aug 6, 1458 Alfonso Borja
Pius II Corsignano (Siena) Aug 19, 3 September 1458 to 14 August 1464 Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini
Paul II Venice Aug 30, 16 September 1464 to 26 July 1471 Jul 26, 1471 Pietro Barbo
Sixtus IV Celle (Savona) Aug 1, 9, 25, 1471 to 12 August 1484 Aug 12, 1484 Francesco della Rovere
Innocent VIII Genoa Aug 29, 12 September 1484 to 25 July 1492 Jul 25, 1492 Giovanni Battista Cibo
Alexander VI Játiva (Valencia) Aug 11, 26, 1492 to 18 August 1503 Aug 18, 1503 Roderigo de Borja
Pius III Siena Sep 22, 1, 8 October to 18 October 1503 Oct 18, 1503 Francesco Todeschini-Piccolomini
Julius II Albisola (Savona) Nov 1, 26 1503 to 21 February 1513 Feb 21, 1513 Giuliano della Rovere
Leo X Florence Mar 11, 19, 1513 to 1 December 1521 Dec 1, 1521 Giovanni de' Medici
Hadrian VI Utrecht Jan 9, 31 August 1522 to 14 Septmber 1523 Sep 14, 1523 Adrian Florensz
Clement VII Florence 19, 26 November 1523 to 25 September 1534 Sep 25, 1534 Giulio de' Medici
Paul III Canino (Viterbo) Oct 13, 3 November 1534 to 10 November 1549 Alessandro Farnese
Julius III Rome 7, 22 Feb 1550 to 23 March 1555 Mar 23, 1555 Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte
Marcellus II Montefano (Macerata) Apr 9, 10, to 1 May 1555 May 1, 1555 Marcello Cervini
Paul IV Capriglia (Avellino) May 23, 26, 1555 to 18 August 1559 Aug 18, 1559 Gian Pietro Carafa
Pius IV Milan 26 December 1559, 6 January 1560 to 9 December 1565 Dec 9, 1565 Giovan Angelo Medici
Pius V Bosco (Alessandria) 7, 17Jan 1566 to 1 May 1572 May 1, 1572 Antonio (Michele) Ghislieri
Gregory XIII Bologna 13, 25 May 1572 to 10 April 1585 Apr 10, 1585 Ugo Boncompagni
Sixtus V Grottammare (Ascoli Piceno) Apr 24, 1 May 1585 to 27 August 1590 Aug 27, 1590 Felice Peretti
Urban VII Rome Sep 15-27, 1590 Sep 27, 1590 Giambattista Castagna
Gregory XIV Somma Lombarda Dec 5, 8, 1590 to 16 October 1591 Oct 16, 1591 Niccolò Sfondrati
Innocent IX Bologna Oct 29, 3 November to 30 December 1591 Dec 30, 1591 Giovan Antonio Facchinetti
Clement VIII Fano Jan 30, 9 February 1592 to 3 March 1605 Ippolito Aldobrandini
Leo XI Florence Apr 1, 10 to 27, 1605 Apr 27, 1605 Alessandro de' Medici
Paul V Rome May 16, 29, 1605 to 28 January 1621 Jan 28, 1621 Camillo Borghese
Gregory XV Bologna Feb 9, 14, 1621 to 8 July 1623 Jul 8, 1623 Alessandro Ludovisi
Urban VIII Florence Aug 6, 29 September 1623 to 29 July 1644 Jul 29, 1644 Maffeo Barberini
Innocent X Rome Sep 15, 4 October 1644 to 7 January 1655 Jan 1, 1655 Giovanni Battista Pamphilj
Alexander VII Siena Apr 7, 18, 1655 to 22 May 1667 May 22, 1667 Fabio Chigi
Clement IX Pistoia Jun 20, 26, 1667 to 9 December 1669 Dec 9, 1669 Giulio Rospigliosi
Clement X Rome Apr 29, 11 May 1670 to 22 July 1676 Jul 22, 1676 Emilio Altieri
Innocent XI Como Sep 21, 4 October 1676 to 12 August 1689 Benedetto Odescalchi
Alexander VIII Venice Oct 6, 16, 1689 to 1 February 1691 Feb 1, 1691 Pietro Ottoboni
Innocent XII Spinazzola Jul 12, 15, 1691 to 27 September 1700 Sep 27, 1700 Antonio Pignatelli
Clement XI Urbino Nov 23, 30, 8 December 1700 to 19 March 1721 Mar 19, 1721 Giovanni Francesco Albani
Innocent XIII Poli May 8, 18, 1721 to 7 March 1724 Mar 7, 1724 Michelangelo Conti
Benedict XIII Gravina 29 May, 4 June 1724 to 21 February 1730 Feb 21, 1730 Pietro Francesco (Vincenzo Maria) Orsini
Clement XII Florence Jul 12, 16, 1730 to 6 February 1740 Lorenzo Corsini
Benedict XIV Bologna Aug 17, 22, 1740 to 3 May 1758 May 3, 1758 Prospero Lambertini
Clement XIII Venice Jul 6, 16, 1758 to 2 February 1769 Feb 2, 1769 Carlo Rezzonico
Clement XIV Santarcangelo di Romagna 19, 28 May, 4 June 1769 to 22 September 1774 Sep 22, 1774 Giovanni Vincenzo Antonio (Lorenzo) Ganganelli
Pius VI Cesena Feb 15, 22, 1775 to 29 August 1799 Aug 29, 1799 Giannangelo Braschi
Pius VII Cesena Mar 14, 21, 1800 to 20 August 1823 Barnaba (Gregorio) Chiaramonte
Leo XII Monticelli di Genga (Fabriano) Sep 28, 5 October 1823 to 10 February 1829 Feb 10, 1829 Annibale della Genga
Pius VIII Cingoli Mar 31, 5 April 1829 to 30 November 1830 Francesco Saverio Castiglioni
Gregory XVI Belluno Feb 2, 6, 1831 to 1 June 1846 Jun 1, 1846 Bartolomeo Alberto (Mauro) Cappellari
Pius IX Senigallia Jun 16, 21, 1846 to 7 February 1878 Feb 7, 1878 Giovanni Maria Mastai Ferretti
Leo XIII Carpineto Romano Feb 20, 3 March 1878 to 20 July 1903 Jul 20, 1903 Vincenzo Gioacchino Pecci
Pius X Riese (Treviso) Aug 4, 9, 1903 to 20 August 1914 Aug 20, 1914 Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto
Benedict XV Genoa Sep 3, 6, 1914 to 22 January 1922 Jan 22, 1922 Giacomo della Chiesa
Pius XI Desio (Milan) Feb 6, 12, 1922 to 10 February 1939 Feb 10, 1939 Achille Ratti
Pius XII Rome Mar 2, 12, 1939 to 9 October 1958 Oct 9, 1958 Eugenio Pacelli
St. John XXIII Sotto il Monte (Bergamo) Oct 28, 4 November 1958 to 3 June 1963 Jun 3, 1963 Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli
Paul VI Concesio (Brescia) Jun 21, 30, 1963 to 6 August 1978 Aug 6, 1978 Giovanni Battista Montini
John Paul I Forno di Canale (Belluno) 26 August, 3 September 1978–28 September 1978 28 September 1978, Vatican City Albino Luciani
St. John Paul II (the Great) 18 May 1920, Wadowice, Kraków, Poland 16, 22 October 1978–2 April 2005 2 April 2005, Vatican City Karol Wojtyła
Benedict XVI 16 April 1927, Marktl am Inn, Bavaria, Germany 19, 24 April 2005–28 February 2013 Joseph Alois Ratzinger
Francis 17 December 1936, Buenos Aires 13 March 2013- Jorge Mario Bergoglio (y Sívori)

Notes

  1. According to Catholic tradition, Peter spent the last 25 years of his life as Bishop of Rome, but had already been Pope, i.e. head of the universal church, for 9 years before that, first in Jerusalem and then in Antioch, making him the longest-reigning Pope so far (and, according to an old prophecy, ever), but Pius IX the longest-reigning Bishop of Rome
  2. the main text in AP lists him as antipope, but a footnote says he might be legitimate
  3. Silverius was deposed by the secular power, whose authority to do this is not recognized; the main text of AP gives 29 March as the beginning of Vigilius' reign, but the footnotes say he became legitimate only after Silverius' apparent renunciation later in the year, by his recognition by the Roman clergy
  4. Martin was deposed before his death, on June 17, 653; the main text of AP lists Martin 649-55, Eugenius 654-7, thus giving two simultaneous popes for 654-5; a footnote states that Martin apparently did not object to Eugenius' appointment
  5. another Stephen had been elected immediately before him, but died before consecration; under the canon law of the time he was therefore never pope, and is generally omitted from lists
  6. Leo V is believed to have died in 904, possibly by murder; however, he had been deposed in 903.
  7. deposed by a church council on the latter date; the main text of AP lists John XII 955-64, Leo VIII 963-5, Benedict V 964 to 964 or 965, John XIII 965-72; thus it implies simultaneous popes for at least 963-4; the footnotes, however, imply that the succession of legitimate popes was either John XII 955-63, Leo VIII 963-5, John XIII 965-72 or John XII 955-64, Benedict V 964 to 964 or 965, John XIII 965-72
  8. Pope Benedict V had been deposed before his death, on June 23, 964.