NOTICE: Citizendium is still being set up on its newer server, treat as a beta for now; please see here for more.
Citizendium - a community developing a quality comprehensive compendium of knowledge, online and free. Click here to join and contribute—free
CZ thanks our previous donors. Donate here. Treasurer's Financial Report -- Thanks to our content contributors. --


From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is a stub and thus not approved.
Main Article
Related Articles  [?]
Bibliography  [?]
External Links  [?]
Citable Version  [?]
This editable Main Article is under development and not meant to be cited; by editing it you can help to improve it towards a future approved, citable version. These unapproved articles are subject to a disclaimer.
(CC [1]) Photo: Floris M. Oosterveld
The remains of Ostia in 2008

The Roman port city, Ostia, was founded in 338 B.C. and acted as the port of Rome. The port lay on the west coast of Italy, where the River Tiber flowed into the Thyrrenian Sea. Though the settlement flourished in the 1st century, it gradually lost importance as other ports were foudned to serve the capital of the Roman Empire, and by the 4th century Ostia was in a state of decay.[1]

A monumental statue stood at the mouth of Ostia's harbour, emulating a fashion for such displays in the ancient world, as established by the Colossus of Rhodes.[2] The port of Rome was also influenced by another Wonder of the Ancient World: the Lighthouse of Alexandria. Ostia, and many other harbour towns, had a lighthouse with a design similar to that at Alexandria, which was built in the late 4th century B.C.[3]


  1. Hermansen, Gustav (1981). Ostia: Aspects of Roman City Life. University of Alberta. pp 2, 12. ISBN 9780888640727. CHAPTERS: The Roman Apartment | The Guilds of Ostia | The Roman Building Code in Ostia and the Property of | The Taverns of Ostia | Community Centres | Fire and Fire Protection | Storage Capacity and Storage Method | The Guilds of Ostia | Index of Names and Subjects | Index of Sources | Google Books extract.
  2. Higgins, Reynold (1988). “The Colossus of Rhodes” in Peter A. Clayton and Martin J. Price (eds.) The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. London: Routledge. p. 134. ISBN 0-415-05036-7.
  3. Clayton, Peter A. (1988). “The Pharos at Alexandria” in Peter A. Clayton and Martin J. Price (eds.) The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. London: Routledge. p. 146. ISBN 0-415-05036-7.