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Organs of State Security
From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
Organs of State Security was the generic term for the intelligence and security services of the Soviet Union. In the Soviet state, there was always a "tripod" of power among the Communist Party, the "Organs", and the Red Army. Military intelligence was a separate organization, the GRU, although there was usually a State Security department monitoring military loyalty.
Especially under Josef Stalin, security frequently reorganized. At different times, state security was an independent agency reporting to the Politburo, a division of a ministry, or an independent ministry. Regardless of the current name, the first, Cheka, was often used, with members of security called "chekists". 
|In operation||Common name||Full name|
|1917-1922||Cheka||Extraordinary Commission to Combat Counterrevolution and Sabotage (Chrezvychaynana Kommissiya po Borbe s Kontrerevolyutsiev, i Sabotazhem)|
|1922-1923||GPU of the NKVD||State Political Administration (Gosudarstvennoye Politischeskoye Upravleniye), a part of the People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs (Narodny Kommissariat Vnutrennikh Del)|
|1923-1934||OGPU||Unified State Political Administration (Obiedinoyonnoye Gosudarstvennoye Politischeskoye Upravleniye)|
|1922-1923||GUGB of the NKVD||Main Administration of State Security (Glavnoye Upravleniye Gosudarstvennoye Bezopasnosti), in the People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs|
|Feb-July 1941||NKGB||People's Commissariat for State Security (Narodny Kommissariat Gosudarstvennoye Bezopasnosti)|
|1941-1943||GUGB of the NKVD|
|1946-1953||MGB (Soviet)||Ministry of State Security (Ministervo Gosudarstvennoye Bezopasnosti)|
|1953-1991||KGB||Committee for State Security (Komitet Gosudarstvennoye Bezopasnosti)|
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