Operation LINEBACKER II/Related Articles
From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
- See also changes related to Operation LINEBACKER II, or pages that link to Operation LINEBACKER II or to this page or whose text .
- Air warfare planning : The set of doctrines and procedures for carrying out all types of air warfare, as an integrated whole
- Air operations in the Vietnam War : Air warfare, generally excluding helicopters in direct support of troops, waged between 1962 and 1975 against targets in North and South Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia, from aircraft carriers as well as bases in South Vietnam and Thailand
- Richard Nixon : American politician (1913–1994); President of the United States 1969–1974. Known for ending the Vietnam War and for the Watergate scandal.
- Electronic warfare : A subset of information operations that deals with the use of electromagnetic or kinetic means to degrade an enemy's military electronics systems, to be able to operate one's own electronics in the face of enemy attacks, and to evade those attacks through protection or deception
- Vietnam War : A post-colonial independence/Cold War conflict between communist North Vietnam against South Vietnam, assisted by the United States (1955-1975), to unify Vietnam; won by North Vietnam in 1975.
- Operation ROLLING THUNDER : Initial sustained U.S. air campaign against the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam), based on a controversial model of retaliation and gradually increasing pressure rather than a short and intense campaign intended to destroy, not dissuade and punish
- Operation LINEBACKER I : A U.S. bombing campaign targeted against the specific North Vietnamese infrastructure of the Ho Chi Minh trail, with the operational-level goal of interrupting the supply line to People's Army of Viet Nam conventional troops in the South.
- B-52 : United States Air Force heavy bomber, first version flown in 1952, entered service in 1961, expected to stay operational until at least 2030
- Chaff (electronic warfare) : A passive, disposable radar countermeasure using strips of metal foil or aluminized plastic, cut to match the wavelength of the expected radar, and used to send false reflections back to the radar receiver
- F-4 Phantom II : An extremely successful third-generation fighter, the first effective multirole fighter, which, even after its replacement as a first-line fighter, continued in reconnaissance and suppression of enemy air defense roles well into the 1990s.
- F-105 : A fighter-bomber used extensively against North Vietnam.
- F-111 : A first attempt, and failure, to build a fighter aircraft with substantial commonality between the U.S. Air Force and U.S. Navy; the Navy fleet interceptor version never deployed, although the fighter bomber (informally the Aardvark), electronic warfare aircraft (informally the Spark Vark) and them medium bomber, was competent with the U.S. and Royal Australian air forces
- Integrated air defense system : An air defense that combines radar, anti-aircraft artillery, surface-to-air missiles, and fighter aircraft, presenting multiple layers of defense under systematic command and control
- Suppression of enemy air defense : Military actions taken to reduce the effectiveness, or destroy, the radars, radio and other communications links, surface-to-air missiles, anti-aircraft artillery, fighter aircraft and their airbases and command posts of air defense systems
- S-75 Dvina : S-75 Dvina surface-to-air missile (SAM) systems were the first Soviet air defense missiles in wide deployment. Their NATO reporting designation was SA-2 GUIDELINE.
- Air tasking order : The process and documentation of plans for the coordinated use of air and missile resources, and ground systems, such as electronic warfare and intelligence collection, which may interact with them
- Operation DESERT STORM : That part of the Gulf War, beginning with the first air strikes at 02:00 local time, 17 January 1991, until the main ground assault into Kuwait, Operation DESERT SABRE
- Single Integrated Operational Plan : The U.S. plan and doctrine for the use of nuclear weapons in a large campaign, prepared for all services by the United States Strategic Command, based on Joint Chiefs of Staff guidance
- Strategic Air Command : A former major headquarters of the United States Air Force, whose planning and contingency operations are now part of United States Strategic Command, while its aircraft readiness is under Air Combat Command and its missile readiness under Air Force Space Command
- Henry Kissinger : (1923—) American academic, diplomat, and simultaneously Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Secretary of State in the Nixon Administration; promoted realism (foreign policy) and détente with China and the Soviet Union; shared 1973 Nobel Peace Prize for ending the Vietnam War; Director, Atlantic Council
- Le Duc Tho : A member of the Politburo of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, who was the true, not public, senior negotiator at the Paris Peace Talks, although listed as "special adviser"
- People's Army of Viet Nam : The Communist military forces originally of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (i.e., North Vietnam), and then of the country after it was forcibly reunified in 1975.
- Precision-guided munition : A powered or unpowered weapon that adjusts its flight path to hit a specific target, with a circular error probability in the low number of meters, often less than the radius of destruction