Nuclear power/Related Articles
From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
Nuclear power: The energy produced from controlled (non-explosive) nuclear reactions. Commercial nuclear power plants currently use the heat energy derived from nuclear fission reactions to generate steam, which in turn is used to generate electricity or other energy.
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- Nuclear fission : A reaction by which a nucleus of a suitable isotope of an element with a high atomic number splits into two nuclei of lower atomic numbers and one or more neutrons and a relatively large release of energy per atom.
- Uranium : A silvery-white metallic chemical element in the actinide series of the periodic table that has the symbol U and atomic number 92.
- Plutonium : Man-made radioactive element (Z = 94); its 239 isotope is fissionable and used in nuclear weapons; the 240 isotope is used in some nuclear power reactors
- Nuclear fuel cycle : The progression of nuclear fuel through a series of differing stages, also called the nuclear fuel chain.
- Nuclear weapon : A weapon that produces extremely powerful explosions from principles involving subatomic particle reactions, rather than the chemical reactions among atoms that power conventional explosives
- International Atomic Energy Agency : An international organization established in July 1957, which seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy and to inhibit its use for military purposes.
- Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons : The principal worldwide agreement for controlling the spread of nuclear weapons and nuclear weapons technology, without inhibiting the peaceful use of nuclear energy