Nuclear Threat Initiative
Co-founded by Ted Turner and Sam Nunn, the Nuclear Threat Initiative is a funding organization, think tank and "operational organization" focused on the threats, and means of encouraging nonproliferation, of weapons of mass destruction. It researches the issues, providing both detailed analyses and educational materials. Established in 2001, as a private foundation, it became a public charity in 2003. "NTI advocates threat reduction solutions, raises public awareness and undertakes direct action projects that demonstrate innovative ways to reduce threats. The majority of NTI's awards support operational activities that NTI has a strong hand in developing. While there is no formal award-making cycle, NTI will consider unsolicited projects that:
- address significant high-risk situations;
- generate additional funding and leverage action for threat reduction; or otherwise
- promote the core objectives of NTI.
Its major project areas are:
- Securing, reducing and eliminating the use of Highly Enriched Uranium;
- Removing and securing nuclear materials around the globe;
- Preventing the spread of technology to make nuclear weapons materials;
- Strengthening security for nuclear materials through the World Institute for Nuclear Security (WINS);
- Promoting the safe and secure practice of the biomedical sciences to help prevent bioterrorism;
- Creating Regional Disease Surveillance Networks to detect and respond to infectious diseases.