Kandahar Province

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Kandahar Province is among the largest and most important in Afghanistan. Its capital, Kandahar, was the stronghold of the Taliban. Taliban describing themselves as "Kandahari" actually might be from Kandahar, Uruzgan, or Helmand provinces.

Geography

It forms the southeast corner of the country, and a highway runs from Kandahar City to the Spin Boldak-Chaman border crossing with Pakistan, and then to Quetta.

Helmand Province is its western border.

To the north, the Afghan central mountains shield Kandahar from Uruzgan Province is to the north, whose capital, Tarin Kowt, is a military gateway to Kandahar.

Zabul Province is to the northwest, connected by the Afghan Ring Road, which runs through Zabul into Ghazni Province.

In Kandahar province, the Arghandab River flows south from the Afghan central mountains, passing just north of Kandahar City. This river, and its tributaries, runs westward and joins the Helmand River south of Lashkar Gah. South of Kandahar and the Arghandab is the Registan Desert.

The agricultural areas, irrigated by the Arghandab, are the Arghandab Valley, northern Panjwaii, Zhari and Maywand.

Military and government

  • Governor: Tooryalai Wesa
  • Chief of police: Matiullah Qateh

The Afghan National Army's 205th Corps is in Kandahar city, along with International Security Assistance Force Regional Command South.

Demographics and dynamics

The people are 98 percent Pashtun, mostly Durrani and Ghilzai. There are some Baluchis, Hazaras and Tajiks also live in Kandahar.