International law/Related Articles
From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
- See also changes related to International law, or pages that link to International law or to this page or whose text .
- Hostis humani generis : A legal principle that certain acts, such as piracy, slavery and genocide, puts one outside the norms of civilization and makes one an "enemy of all mankind", subject to early forms of universal jurisdiction or summary action
- Hugo Grotius : Add brief definition or description
- jus cogens : Add brief definition or description
- Just war theory : The branch of ethics concerned with the basis for starting, conducting, and terminating wars
- League of Nations : International association of countries established in 1919 by the Treaty of Versailles to promote cooperation and achieve international peace and security.
- Sovereignty : Add brief definition or description
- Treaty : Agreement under international law entered into by participants in international law, namely sovereign states and international organizations.
- Treaty providing for the renunciation of war as an instrument of national policy : (Kellogg-Briand Pact) An international agreement, first signed in 1928 and eventually agreed-to by a large number of the world's nations at the time, which rejected the use of war to settle disputes; it had no notable effect on world events
- United Nations Charter : The core "rule book" for jurisdiction of the United Nations
- Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations : Add brief definition or description
- Extraordinary rendition : A process in which a Requesting State may gain custody of a person held by another state, without going through a formal judicial process of international extradition, but not necessarily secretly or with no administrative hearing
- International extradition : The process by which one country asks the overt judicial system of another country to surrender, to the first country, a person resident in the second, to face criminal proceedings in the first country
- International law enforcement : The practice of cooperation, among nations, to deal with individuals or non-state criminal groups, through police and judicial agencies such as Interpol
- Interpol : Add brief definition or description
- Peace operations : Operations other than all-out war, conducted by neutral parties, to ensure the continuance of a peace, or, in the face of resistance, to enforce it.
- U.N. Declaration on Human Rights : Add brief definition or description
Regional international law
- Association of Southeast Asian States : Add brief definition or description
- Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe : (OSCE) An organisation for preventive diplomacy, conflict prevention and crisis management, and post-conflict reconstruction, comprising member countries of the Council of Europe together with the United States and Canada.
- Organization of American States : Add brief definition or description
- World International Property Organization : Add brief definition or description
- World Trade Organization : Add brief definition or description
- U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea : Add brief definition or description
- Constitutional law : Interpretation of legal matters with the assumption that a formal constitution is the supreme authority; usually refers to U.S. jurisprudence
- Declaration of Helsinki : Initiated in response to Nazi medical experiments and the resulting Nuremberg Code, the continually updated world agreement on ethical principles for medical research with human subjects
- International Court of Justice : An international organization with the dual roles of settling, in accordance with international law, legal disputes submitted to it by States (Contentious cases ) and to give advisory opinions (Advisory proceedings) on legal questions referred to it by duly authorized United Nations organs and specialized agencies.
- International Criminal Court : A permanent tribunal, established by treaty among over 120 nations but not part of the United Nations, for trying individuals for crimes against humanity; a number of major countries do not accept its authority
- International Military Tribunal (Nuremberg) : Conducted by the four major Allied powers in Europe, this proceeding tried the designated Major War Criminals of Nazi Germany, as well as determining whether certain Nazi organizations were to be considered as criminal conspiracies to which membership was a crime
- International Military Tribunal (Tokyo) : Add brief definition or description
- Nuremberg Code : The statement of ethical medical research on human beings that came from the Medical Case trials of Nazi medical personnel, which was part of the Nuremberg Military Tribunals; it forms the basis for the Declaration of Helsinki
- Counterproliferation : The set of activities that detect and monitor the threat of weapons of special concern against one's own nation and one's allies.
- Torture : The infliction of mental or physical pain, for punishment or as an interrogation technique.
- Weapons of mass destruction : Weapons that cause death or injury not primarily through kinetic energy of projectiles or the detonation of conventional explosives, but rather produce large-scale effects greater than possible with the same weight of explosives weapons; by means heat, blast and radiation from nuclear weapon; poisoning by chemical weapon; infectious disease by biological weapons; or acute or chronic radiation syndromes from radiological weapons.