Forward-looking infrared/Related Articles
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- A-10 Thunderbolt II : A heavily armed close air support and ground attack aircraft, which can loiter over a battlefield and then hit targets with great accuracy, while retaining high survivability against ground fire.
- AGM-65 Maverick : Short-range air-to-surface missile with multiple guidance and warhead options, certified for 25 past and present aircraft
- APG-79 : active electronically scanned array radar for the F-18 Super Hornet and EF-18 Growler
- ASQ-228 : The first electro-optical pod, for air-to-air and air-to-ground targeting as well as navigation, which operates in the medium-wave infrared spectrum
- Anti-tank missile : A air-to-surface or surface-to-surface missile, optimized to defeat the most heavily armored tanks by such measures as attacking the thinnest armor, or using dual warheads to defeat reactive armor
- Armed helicopter : A helicopter that can be configured to carry troops or cargo only, light weapons and troops, or possibly a heavier ammunition load with still-removable weapons.
- Armored fighting vehicle : A military vehicle that is both protected against blast and fragments, and either has offensive weapons or directly supports combat by vehicles with offensive weapons
- Attack helicopter : A helicopter equipped with built-in heavy weapons, which has no standard cargo capacity and is used as a "flying tank" in close air support or battlefield air interdiction.
- B-52 Superfortress (bomber) : United States Air Force heavy bomber, first version flown in 1952, entered service in 1961, expected to stay operational until at least 2030
- Command guidance : A means of controlling a guided missile's flight by continuous electronic or optical signals from the launcher; the missile has no independent ability to track the target although it may have a proximity fuze
- Counter-rocket, artillery and mortar : Military equipment and techniques to detect unguided rockets, artillery shells, and mortar rounds in flight, warn friendly forces that are threatened, and, with new methods, intercept and destroy the projectiles before they can do damage
- Electro-optical MASINT : A subdiscipline of measurement and signature intelligence (MASINT), which has similarities to but complements imagery intelligence (IMINT); it does not form images, but validates them and produces information on phenomena that emit, absorb, or reflect electromagnetic energy in the infrared, visible light, or ultraviolet spectra, where the value is knowledge of the type of energy detected
- Eurocopter Tiger : Made by EADS, a light attack helicopter, used for armed reconnaissance, for countries including Australia, France, Germany and Spain
- Euromissile HOT : European wire-guided anti-tank missile for vehicles and helicopters, similar to the U.S. BGM-71 TOW
- F-16 Fighting Falcon : A relatively lightweight land-based multirole fighter, developed by the United States Air Force; co-produced with Belgium, Denmark, the Netherlands, Norway and Portugal; operated by many nations and to be replaced by the F-35A Lightning II. The F-16CJ model is optimized for SEAD.
- F-18 Hornet : A relatively lightweight carrier-capable multirole fighter, developed by the United States Navy and used by several nations, including Canada, in land-based roles; a fourth-generation fighter gradually being replaced by the F-18E/F Super Hornet, and then the F-35.
- F-18 Super Hornet : A new generation of carrier-based fighter beyond the F-18 Hornet, this evolution provides an architecture with even greater expansion, especially with the AN/APG-79 AESA radar, more powerful computers and communications, and a new engine with longer range.
- F-35 Joint Strike Fighter : A family of 5th generation multirole fighter, being developed in versions to operate from conventional airfields, in short takeoff and vertical landing for small carrier and forward-based land operations, and in carrier-capable conventional takeoff and landing.
- FGM-148 Javelin : A shoulder-fired, "fire and forget" missile using thermal viewing in the control unit and seeker, the missile has selectable pop-up anti-tank and direct fire (i.e., against buildings) flight modes
- FIM-92 Stinger : A second-generation United States Army surface-to-air missile that can be fired from a soldier's shoulder, from vehicle-mounted launchers, and, in an air-to-air missile configuration, from attack helicopters. Uses combined infrared-ultraviolet guidance to resist countermeasures.
- Gulf War : The conflict started by the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in 1990, and ended with the liberation of Kuwait and major damage to Iraqi forces, by a US-led UN coalition in 1991.
- H-60 helicopter : A family of light transport helicopters used by the U.S. services, including the standard troop carrier UH-60 Blackhawk, naval rescue and surface/subsurface warfare, and the MH-60 special operations variant that is not really a Black Helicopter but instead very, very dark gray
- Infantry : Soldiers that directly confront the enemy, overcoming them with fire and maneuver while on foot or in specialized vehicles
- Infrared light : In physics and engineering, a non-visible portion of the electromagnetic spectrum ranging from wavelengths of 750 nm to 1 mm, between the darkest visible red and the shortest submillimeter wave radar
- LITENING : AN/AAQ-28 electro-optical target acquisition and tracking pods, which mount on aircraft wing pylons.
- M1 Abrams (tank) : Heavily armed and armored but expensive and heavy, main battle tank, designed for the United States Army, and used by the United States Marine Corps and several allies; proven from the Gulf War onwards.
- M2 Bradley (armored fighting vehicle) : A family of armored fighting vehicles, with roles including infantry fighting vehicle, scouting, forward observer, and other functions in a platform sufficiently survivable to accompany the M1 Abrams tank, although needing more protection
- MC-130 COMBAT SHADOW : A long-range U.S. Air Force Special Operations Command aircraft intended to refuel special operations helicopters, and carry out other clandestine functions such as leaflet drops
- MC-130 COMBAT SPEAR : Evolutionary upgrade of the MC-130H COMBAT TALON II, with improved avionics, structure, and ability to support CV-22 Ospreys as well as helicopters
- MC-130 COMBAT TALON : Special operations transport aircraft primarily intended to support ground forces in denied areas, by airdrop or assault landing; secondary capability of helicopter refueling and navigational assistance.
- MH-53 Pave Low : United States Air Force special operations helicopter that can fly at night, at extremely low altiude, and in most weather. Its main missions are delivering and retrieving special operations personnel; replaced by the CV-22
- Mast Mounted Sight : On military helicopters, ahollow extension goes above the top of the driveshaft, capped with a roughly spherical sensor housing, which is the only part exposed while the aircraft hovers behind a barrier
- Night vision devices : Devices that amplify very low levels of visible or infrared light, such as starlight, allowing people to see in apparent darkness. They do not work when no light is present, as do forward-looking infrared systems
- P-3 Orion : Land-based maritime patrol aircraft designed for the U.S. Navy; enhanced for littoral and land surveillance
- Phalanx close-in weapons system : A 20mm autocannon system originally for shipboard final defense against subsonic anti-shipping missiles, obsolescent in that role but being deployed for land-based counter-rocket, artillery and mortar (C-RAM) defense against guerrilla rockets.
- Reconnaissance, Surveillance and Target Acquisition Squadron (Brigade Combat Team) : As part of the restructuring of the United States Army into Brigade Combat Teams is a very substantial increase in intelligence, reconnaissance and related surveillance capability; this unit provides enhanced field scouting capability, complementing the Military Intelligence Company's analytic tools and access to higher-echelon systems; both are under the command of the Brigade Intelligence Officer
- Suppression of enemy air defense : Military actions taken to reduce the effectiveness, or destroy, the radars, radio and other communications links, surface-to-air missiles, anti-aircraft artillery, fighter aircraft and their airbases and command posts of air defense systems
- Unguided rocket : A form of artillery weapon that uses a rocket motor to propel a warhead at a target, using no guidance once launched