Egyptian Islamic Jihad/Related Articles
From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
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- 1998 bombings of U.S. Embassies in Africa : Vehicle-borne suicide bomb attacks, conducted by al-Qaeda approximately nine minutes apart, on U.S. Embassies and civilian buildings in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Nairobi, Kenya on August 7, 1998
- Abd al-Qadir bin ‘Abd al-‘Aziz : A Salafist scholar who was the first leader of Egyptian Islamic Jihad, and an opponent, within jihadist circles, of Ayman al-Zawahiri
- Ahmed Agiza : An Egyptian citizen, rendered to Egypt by Swedish and U.S. personnel, where he was imprisoned for a 1999 in absentia conviction of belonging to an illegal organization, Egyptian Islamic Jihad; the removal from Sweden did not involve extradition and may have violated the refoulement provision of the Convention against Torture.
- Al-Qaeda : International islamist terrorist network. Responsible for the 9-11 attack and other terrorist attacks.
- Albania : Republic in south-eastern Europe (population c. 3.6 million; capital Tirana), with a long Adriatic coastline on the west and land borders with Montenegro, Kosovo, Macedonia and Greece.
- Ali Mohamed : A former Egyptian Army officer, who served in the U.S. Army, and then worked for al-Khifa; probably an al-Qaeda member
- American Civil Liberties Union : American political action group founded in 1920 for protection of civil liberties.
- Ayman al-Zawahiri : Generally considered the #2 leader of al-Qaeda, an Egyptian physician who was mentored, in a faction of the Muslim Brotherhood, by Sayyid Qutb
- Caliphate : An Islamic form of government in which one person acts as head of state, head of government and head of religion; also the jurisdiction of such a government.
- Egypt : A country in the northeastern corner of Africa, bordering Sudan, Libya, the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea
- Extraordinary rendition, U.S., Bill Clinton Administration : Extraordinary rendition of suspects of counterterrorism programs in the Clinton Administration, with brief U.S. interrogation but primary coercive interrogation in third countries
- Extraordinary rendition, U.S. : General United States policy and laws regarding the transfer of a person of interest to another country, without going through formal international extradition but possibly through other administrative hearings
- High Value Detainee : Terrorist suspects in U.S. custody, considered to have critical information, for which the Central Intelligence Agency was authorized to use interrogation techniques beyond those normally permitted
- Intelligence analysis : Techniques, independent of the subject matter, for correlating multiple kinds of information, hypothesizing meaning from the set of data available, and, with incomplete information, validating the hypotheses
- Islamabad : The capital of Pakistan
- Jamaat al-Islamiyya : An Egyptian jihadist organization, derived from the Muslim Brotherhood, which conducted terror operations primarily in Egypt in the 1990s; it has renounced violence but members have affiliated with al-Qaeda and other groups
- Millennium Plot, United States : al-Qaeda plot to bomb the Los Angeles International Airport for the 2000 millennium
- Mohamed et al. v. Jeppesen Dataplan, Inc. : A civil lawsuit, filed against a Central Intelligence Agency contractor that supported the logistics of extraordinary rendition, which has been dismissed when the government invoked the state secrets privilege; appellate review was requested in late 2008
- Omar Abdel-Rahman : Serving a life sentence (without the possibility of parole) for the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center, he is a radical Islamist cleric of Egyptian origin, who was affiliated with some of the ideological guides and founders of al-Qaeda
- Osama bin Laden : Radical jihadist who, with Ayman al-Zawahiri, founded a group known as al-Qaeda, which is credited with a series of terrorist attacks.
- Salafism : A strict branch of Sunni Islam, dedicated to the restoration of the Caliphate, often by means of armed jihad
- Sayyid Qutb : Born in 1906, radicalized in 1951, and executed in 1966, an influential theorist of Salafist revolutionary Islam; considered one of the two spiritual fathers of al-Qaeda and the mentor of Ayman al-Zawahiri
- State secrets privilege : A legal doctrine, explicit in the U.S. but with comparable rules in other countries, which allows the suppression of evidence, or the blocking of a trial, if that would unavoidably cause the disclosure of information deemed critical to national security
- Terrorism and U.S. Intelligence : Activities of the U.S. government to identify potential sources for the tactical use of terrorism, related to but distinct from intelligence on political insurgencies that may or may not use that tactic
- U.S. Intelligence and terrorism in the 1990s : Tracking and actions against terrorism by the United States intelligence community in the 1990s