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| Echis pyramidum|
(Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1827)
Common names: Northeast African carpet viper, Egyptian saw-scaled viper, more.
Echis pyramidum is a venomous vipers species found mainly in north-east Africa, but also in parts of the Arabian Peninsula. Three subspecies are currently recognized, including the typical form described here.
The average length is 30-60 cm with a maximum of 85 cm (possibly slightly more).
In north-east Africa it occurs in northern Egypt, central Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia and northern Kenya. There are also scattered populations in the southwest of the Arabian Peninsula in western Saudi Arabia (south of the 18th parallel), Yemen, South Yemen (in Hadhramaut) and in Oman. The type locality given is "Egypte" (Egypt).
|E. p. aliaborri||Drews & Sacherer, 1974||Northern Kenya|
|E. p. leakeyi||Stemmler & Sockurek, 1969||Northwestern Kenya|
|E. p. pyramidum||(Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1827)||Southern Arabia, Somalia, Ethiopia, Sudan, Egypt, Libya and Tunisia.|
- List of viperine species and subspecies.
- True vipers - Common names.
- True vipers - Synonymy.
- McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
- Spawls S, Branch B. 1995. The Dangerous Snakes of Africa. Ralph Curtis Books. Dubai: Oriental Press. 192 pp. ISBN 0-88359-029-8.
- Mallow D, Ludwig D, Nilson G. 2003. True Vipers: Natural History and Toxinology of Old World Vipers. Krieger Publishing Company, Malabar, Florida. 359 pp. ISBN 0-89464-877-2.
- Species Echis pyramidum at the Species2000 Database
- Echis pyramidum (TSN 634974) at Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Accessed 14 April 2007.
- Echis pyramidum at Munich AntiVenom INdex