NOTICE: Citizendium is still being set up on its newer server, treat as a beta for now; please see here for more.
Citizendium - a community developing a quality comprehensive compendium of knowledge, online and free. Click here to join and contribute—free
CZ thanks our previous donors. Donate here. Treasurer's Financial Report -- Thanks to our content contributors. --

Commonwealth Games

From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is a stub and thus not approved.
Main Article
Talk
Related Articles  [?]
Bibliography  [?]
External Links  [?]
Citable Version  [?]
 
This editable Main Article is under development and not meant to be cited; by editing it you can help to improve it towards a future approved, citable version. These unapproved articles are subject to a disclaimer.

The Commonwealth Games is an international sporting event held every four years, in which athletes from the Commonwealth of Nations participate. The Games were first held in 1930 as the 'British Empire Games', with the most recent being hosted by Glasgow, Scotland, in July-August 2014. The 21st Games will take place in Gold Coast, Australia in April 2018.

Events

The Games opens with a ceremony that showcases the culture and achievements of the host city and country, beginning about 11 days of athletics and other sports. The Games is in some ways similar to the Summer Olympics, but some of the events are different - for example, squash, netball, and lawn bowls are Commonwealth but not Olympic sports. There is no equivalent of the Paralympics; events take place for both able-bodied athletes and those with disabilities. As in the Olympics, gold, silver and bronze medals are awarded for first, second and third-placed contenders.

Participation

Participants are united by membership of the Commonwealth and may compete as various territories as well as countries. For example, athletes of the United Kingdom take part not as members of a 'Great Britain' team but as representatives either of one of the 'home nations' (England, Scotland, Wales or Northern Ireland), or a British territory or dependency, such as the Falkland Islands or the Isle of Man. Likewise, the island nation of Niue participates separately from New Zealand, despite shared citizenship.