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CZ:Citation templates

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Below are examples of how to use templates to cite books, encyclopedias, journals, theses, papers, websites, comic strips, videos, and editorial comics. If there is a possibility that Harvard referencing will be used in the article in future, consider using the {{Citation}} templates (shown second in relation to each source) for additional linking functionality with Template:Harvard citation. This linking from cite to reference does not work with the other templates shown below.

  • For full description of the template — click the template name
  • Required field(s) are indicated in bold
  • Copy and paste the text under "common usage" to use the template.
  • Following each example is the resulting article text.

The use of Citation templates is not required by Citizendium policy and is neither encouraged nor discouraged by any other Citizendium citation guidelines. They may be used at the discretion of individual editors, subject to agreement with the other editors on the article. Some editors find them helpful, while other editors find them annoying, particularly when used inline in the text. Because they are optional, editors should not change articles from one style to another without consensus.


source template
(required)
common usage Example 1
article text
Example 2
article text
book {{cite book}}
title
{{cite book
  | last =
  | first =
  | authorlink =
  | coauthors =
  | title =
  | publisher =
  | date =
  | location =
  | pages =
  | url =
  | doi =
  | id =  
  | isbn = }}
{{cite book
  | last = Mumford
  | first = David
  | authorlink = David Mumford
  | title = The Red Book of V…
  | publisher = [[Springer]]
  | date = 1999
  | pages = 198-203
  | doi = 10.1007/b62130
  | isbn = 354063293X }}

Mumford, David (1999). The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes. Springer-Verlag, 198-203. DOI:10.1007/b62130. ISBN 354063293X. 

{{cite book 
  | last = Cordell
  | first = Bruce R.
  | coauthors = Jeff Grubb, David Yu
  | title = [[Manual of the Planes]]
  | publisher = [[Wizards of the Coast]]
  | date = 2001
  | pages = pp. 198-203
  | month = September
  | isbn = 0-7869-1850-8 }}

Cordell, Bruce R.; Jeff Grubb, David Yu (2001). Manual of the Planes. Wizards of the Coast, pp. 198-203. ISBN 0-7869-1850-8. 

{{Citation}}
{{Citation
  | last =
  | first =
  | author-link =
  | last2 =
  | first2 =
  | author2-link =
  | title =
  | place=
  | publisher =
  | year =
  | location =
  | volume =
  | edition =
  | url =
  | doi =
  | id = 
  | isbn = }}
{{Citation
  | first = David | last = Mu…
  | author-link = David Mumfo…
  | title = The Red Book of V…
  | place = Berlin
  | publisher = Springer-Verl…
  | year = 1999
  | doi = 10.1007/b62130
  | isbn = 354063293X }}

Mumford, David (1999), The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes, Berlin: Springer-Verlag, ISBN 354063293X, DOI:10.1007/b62130

{{Citation
  | last1 = Cordell | first1 = Bruce R.
  | last2 = Grubb   | first2 = David
  | last3 = Yu      | first3 = David
  | title = [[Manual of the Planes]]
  | publisher = [[Wizards of the Coast]]
  | date = September 2001
  | year = 2001
  | isbn = 0-7869-1850-8 }}

Cordell, Bruce R.; David Grubb & David Yu (September 2001), Manual of the Planes, Wizards of the Coast, ISBN 0-7869-1850-8

journal {{cite journal}}
Title
{{cite journal
  | last =
  | first =
  | authorlink =
  | coauthors =
  | title =
  | journal =
  | volume =
  | issue =
  | pages =
  | date =
  | url =
  | doi =
  | id =
  | accessdate =  }}
{{cite journal
  | authorlink = Stephen Brey…
  | title = Copyright: A Rejo…
  | journal = UCLA Law Review
  | volume = 20
  | pages = 75–83
  | date = October 1972}}

Breyer, Stephen (October 1972). "Copyright: A Rejoinder". UCLA Law Review 20: 75–83.

{{cite journal
  | last = Bailey
  | first = David H.
  | authorlink = David H. Bailey
  | coauthors = [[Peter Borwein|Borwein…
  | title = The Quest for Pi
  | journal = Mathematical Intelligencer
  | volume = 19
  | issue = 1
  | pages = 50–57
  | date = 1999-06-25
  | url = http://crd.lbl.gov/…-quest.pdf
  | format = [[PDF]]
  | id = ISSN: 0343-6993
  | accessdate = 2014-06-29 }}

Bailey, David H.; Borwein, Peter B., and Borwein, Jonathan M. (1999-06-25). "The Quest for Pi" (PDF). Mathematical Intelligencer 19 (1): 50–57. ISSN: 0343-6993. Retrieved on 2014-06-29.

{{Citation}}
journal (or periodical)
{{Citation
  | last =
  | first =
  | author-link =
  | last2 =
  | first2 =
  | author2-link =
  | title =
  | journal =
  | volume =
  | issue =
  | pages =
  | date =
  | year =
  | url =
  | doi =
  | id =  }}
{{Citation
  | last = Breyer
  | first = Stephen
  | author-link = Stephen Bre…
  | title = Copyright: A Rejo…
  | journal = UCLA Law Review
  | volume = 20
  | pages = 75–83
  | date = October 1972
  | year = 1972 }}

Breyer, Stephen (October 1972), "Copyright: A Rejoinder", UCLA Law Review 20: 75–83

{{Citation
  | last1 = Bailey  | first1 = David H.
  | author1-link = David H. Bailey
  | last2 = Borwein | first2 = Peter
  | author2-link = Peter Borwein
  | last3 = Borwein | first3 = Jonathan…
  | author3-link = Jonathan M. Borwein
  | title = The Quest for Pi
  | journal = Mathematical Intelligencer
  | volume = 19
  | issue = 1
  | pages = 50–57
  | date = 1999-06-25
  | year = 1999
  | url = http://crd.lbl.gov/…-quest.pdf
  | id = ISSN 0343-6993 }}

Bailey, David H.; Peter Borwein & Jonathan M. Borwein (1999-06-25), "The Quest for Pi", Mathematical Intelligencer 19 (1): 50–57, ISSN 0343-6993

conference
 report
 or paper
{{cite conference}}
title
booktitle
{{cite conference
  | first =
  | last =
  | authorlink =
  | coauthors =
  | title =
  | booktitle =
  | pages =
  | publisher =
  | date =
  | location =
  | url =
  | doi =
  | id =
  | accessdate =  }}
{{cite conference
  | first = M.
  | last = Turk
  | authorlink =
  | coauthors = Pentland, A.
  | title = Face recognition …
  | booktitle = Proc IEEE Con…
  | pages = 586–591
  | year = 1991 }}

Turk, M.; Pentland, A. (1991). "Face recognition using eigenfaces". Proc. IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 586–591.

{{cite conference
  | last = Evans
  | first = N. R.
  | coauthors = Schaefer, G; Bond, H.; …
  | title = Direct detection of the clo…
  | booktitle = American Astronomical S…
  | place = Maui, Hawaii
  | date = 2006-01-09
  | url = http://www.aas.org/pu…1130.htm
  | accessdate = 2014-07-02 }}

Evans, N. R.; Schaefer, G.; Bond, H.; Bono, G.; Karovska, M.; Nelan, E.; Sasselov, D. (2006-01-09). Direct detection of the close companion of Polaris with the Hubble Space TelescopeAmerican Astronomical Society 207th Meeting. Retrieved on 2014-07-02.

{{Citation}}
{{Citation
  | first =
  | last =
  | author-link =
  | first2 =
  | last2 =
  | author2-link =
  | editor-last =
  | editor-first =
  | editor2-last =
  | editor2-first =
  | contribution =
  | contribution-url =
  | title =
  | year =
  | pages =
  | place =
  | publisher =
  | url =
  | doi =
  | id =  }}
{{Citation
  | last1 = Turk | first1 = M.
  | last2 = Pet… | first2 = A.
  | contribution = Face recog…
  | title = Proc IEEE Confere…
  | publisher = IEEE
  | pages = 586–591
  | year = 1991 }}

Turk, M. & A. Petland (1991), Face recognition using eigenfaces, Proc. IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, IEEE, at 586–591

{{Citation
  | last1 = Evans    | first1 = N. R.
  | last2 = Schaefer | first2 = G.
  | last3 = Bond     | first3 = H.
  | last4 = Karovska | first4 = M.
  | last5 = Nelan    | first5 = E.
  | last6 = Sasselov | first6 = D.
  | contribution = Direct detection of …
  | title = American Astronomical…
  | publisher = AAS
  | date = 2006-01-09
  | year = 2006
  | contribution-url = http://…30.htm }}

Evans, N. R.; G. Schaefer & H. Bond et al. (2006-01-09), Direct detection of the close companion of Polaris with the Hubble Space Telescope, American Astronomical Society 207th Meeting, AAS

encyclopedia {{cite encyclopedia}}
Title
encyclopedia
{{cite encyclopedia
  | title =
  | encyclopedia =
  | volume =
  | pages =
  | publisher =
  | date =
  | id =
  | accessdate =  }}
{{cite encyclopedia
  | title = Kirkegaard, Ole L…
  | encyclopedia = Grote Wink…
  | volume = 9
  | publisher = [[Winkler P…]]
  | date = 1882 }}

"Kirkegaard, Ole Lund". Grote Winkler Prins 9. (1882). Winkler Prins. 

{{cite encyclopedia
  | last = Kramer
  | first = Martin
  | authorlink = Martin Kramer
  | title = Bernard Lewis
  | encyclopedia = Encyclopedia of Hist…
  | volume = 1
  | pages = 719–720
  | publisher = Fitzroy Dearborn
  | location = London
  | date = 1999
  | url = http://www.geocities.com/mart…
  | accessdate = 2014-05-23 }}

Kramer, Martin (1999). Bernard Lewis. Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing 1. London: Fitzroy Dearborn. 719–720. Retrieved on 2014-05-23. 

{{Citation}}
contribution=name of article
{{Citation
  | last =
  | first =
  | contribution =
  | year =
  | title =
  | editor-last =
  | editor-first =
  | volume =
  | pages =
  | place=
  | publisher =
  | id =  }}
{{Citation
  | contribution = Kirkegaard…
  | title = Grote Winkler Pri…
  | editor-last = Winkler Pri…
  | editor-first = Anthony
  | editor-link = Anthony Win…
  | volume = 9
  | publisher = Elsevier
  | year = 1882 }}

Winkler Prins, Anthony, ed. (1882), Kirkegaard, Ole Lund, Grote Winkler Prins, vol. 9, Elsevier

{{Citation
  | last = Kramer
  | first = Martin
  | author-link = Martin Kramer
  | contribution = Bernard Lewis
  | editor-last = Boyd
  | editor-first = Kelley
  | title = Encyclopedia of Historians …
  | volume = 1
  | pages = 719–720
  | publisher = Fitzroy Dearborn
  | place = London
  | year = 1999
  | contribution-url = http://…is.htm }}

Kramer, Martin (1999), Bernard Lewis, in Boyd, Kelley, Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing, vol. 1, London: Fitzroy Dearborn, at 719–720

news article {{cite news}}
Title
{{cite news 
  | last =
  | first =
  | coauthors =
  | title =
  | work =
  | pages =
  | language =
  | publisher =
  | date =
  | url =
  | accessdate =  }}
{{cite news 
  | last = McGee
  | first = Maggie
  | title = Seabed 'scarred' …
  | pages = 12–27
  | publisher = CNN
  | date = 2005-02-10
  | url = http://www.cnn.com/…
  | accessdate = 2014-07-03 }}

McGee, Maggie. Seabed 'scarred' by tsunami quake, CNN, 2005-02-10, pp. 12–27. Retrieved on 2014-07-03.

{{cite news 
  | last = Andersen
  | first = David
  | coauthors = Witter, Lameen
  | title = Former Marine, Go Daddy CEO…
  | publisher = Marine Corps News
  | date = 2006-02-17
  | url = http://www.military.com/Caree…
  | accessdate = 2014-06-02 }}

Andersen, David, Witter, Lameen. Former Marine, Go Daddy CEO Talks About His Rise to Success, Marine Corps News, 2006-02-17. Retrieved on 2014-06-02.

{{Citation}}
newspaper (or magazine, journal, periodical)
{{Citation
  | last =
  | first =
  | author-link =
  | last2 =
  | first2 =
  | author2-link =
  | title =
  | newspaper =
  | pages =
  | year =
  | date =
  | url = }}
{{Citation
  | last=Cowdery
  | first=Oliver
  | author-link=Oliver Cowdery
  | title=Letter VIII
  | newspaper=[[Latter Day Sa…
  | volume=2
  | issue=1
  | pages=195–202
  | year=1835
  | date=October 1835
  | url=http://www.centerp… }}

Cowdery, Oliver (October 1835), "Letter VIII", Latter Day Saints' Messenger and Advocate 2 (1): 195–202

{{Citation
  | last1 = Andersen | first1 = David
  | last2 = Witter   | first2 = Lameen
  | title = Former Marine, Go Daddy CEO…
  | newspaper = Marine Corps News
  | date = 2006-02-17
  | year = 2006
  | url = http://www.military.com/Ca… }}

Andersen, David & Lameen Witter (2006-02-17), "Former Marine, Go Daddy CEO Talks About His Rise to Success", Marine Corps News

website {{cite web}}
title
url
{{cite web
  | last =
  | first =
  | authorlink =
  | coauthors =
  | title =
  | work =
  | publisher =
  | date =
  | url =
  | format =
  | doi =
  | accessdate =  }}
{{cite web
  | last = Spiegel
  | first = Rachel
  | title = Research: Thalido…
  | url=http://science-educat…
  | accessdate = 2014-04-30 }}

Spiegel, Rachel. Research in the News: Thalidomide. Retrieved on 2014-04-30.

{{cite web
  | last = Hansen
  | first = James E.
  | authorlink = James Hansen
  | coauthors = R. Ruedy, M. Sato, and …
  | title = GISS Surface Temperature An…
  | work =
  | publisher = [[Goddard Institute for…
  | date = 2005-12-15
  | url = http://data.giss.nasa.gov/gis…
  | format =
  | doi =
  | accessdate = 2014-09-28 }}

Hansen, James E.; R. Ruedy, M. Sato, and K. Lo (2005-12-15). GISS Surface Temperature Analysis Global Temperature Trends: 2005 Summation. NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies. Retrieved on 2014-09-28.

{{Citation}}
title
url
{{Citation
  | last =
  | first =
  | author-link =
  | last2 =
  | first2 =
  | author2-link =
  | title =
  | date =
  | year =
  | url =
  | accessdate =  }}
{{Citation
  | last = Spiegel
  | first = Rachel
  | title = Research: Thalido…
  | url=http://science-educat…
  | accessdate = 2014-04-30}}

Spiegel, Rachel, Research in the News: Thalidomide. Retrieved on 2014-04-30

{{Citation
  | last1 = Hansen | first1 = James E.
  | author1-link = James Hansen
  | last2 = Ruedy  | first2 = R.
  | last3 = Sato   | first3 = M.
  | last4 = Lo     | first4 = K.
  | title = GISS Surface Temperature An…
  | date = 2005-12-15
  | year = 2005
  | url = http://data.giss.nasa.gov/gis…
  | accessdate = 2014-09-28 }}

Hansen, James E.; R. Ruedy & M. Sato et al. (2005-12-15), GISS Surface Temperature Analysis Global Temperature Trends: 2005 Summation. Retrieved on 2014-09-28

newsgroup
 posting
DO NOT
USE TO
VERIFY
{{cite newsgroup}}
Title
{{cite newsgroup 
  | title =
  | author =
  | date =
  | newsgroup =
  | id =
  | url =
  | accessdate =  }}
{{cite newsgroup 
  | author = Gary S. Terhune
  | title = Lost Ctrl-Alt-Del…
  | date = 2004-01-11
  | newsgroup = microsoft.pub…
  | id = uAIVMjC2DHA.2336@TK2…
  | url = http://groups.googl…
  | accessdate = 2014-05-16 }}

Template:Cite newsgroup

{{cite newsgroup 
  | title = How can helping "Kids in Af…
  | author = Trodel
  | date = 2006-06-10
  | newsgroup= humanities.philosophy.ob…
  | id = 1149950890.204481.35810@h76g20…
  | url = http://groups.google.com/grou…
  | accessdate = 2014-07-03 }}

Template:Cite newsgroup

paper
 thesis
 dissertation
{{cite paper}}
Title
{{cite paper
  | author =
  | title =
  | version =
  | publisher =
  | date =
  | url =
  | format =
  | accessdate = }}
{{cite paper
  | author = Ziman, J.M., F.R…
  | title = Public Knowledge:…
  | date = 1968
  | url =http://info.med.yale…
  | format = [[PDF]]
  | accessdate = 2014-07-03 }}

Ziman, J.M., F.R.S. (1968). Public Knowledge: An essay concerning the social dimension of science (PDF). Retrieved on 2014-07-03.

{{cite paper
  | author = Williamson, John and Zagha…
  | title = From the Hindu Rate of Grow…
  | version = Working Paper No 144
  | publisher = Center for Research on …
  | date = 2002
  | url = http://scid.stanford.e…144.pdf
  | format = [[PDF]]
  | accessdate = 2014-07-03 }}

Williamson, John and Zagha, Roberto (2002). From the Hindu Rate of Growth to the Hindu Rate of Reform (PDF). Working Paper No. 144. Center for research on economic development and policy reform. Retrieved on 2014-07-03.

press release {{cite press release}}
Title
{{cite press release
  | title =
  | publisher =
  | date =
  | url =
  | accessdate =  }}
{{cite press release
  | title = The Citizendium Mak…
  | publisher = Citizendium
  | date = 2008-02-20
  | url = http://en.citizendium…
  | accessdate = 2014-07-03 }}

Citizendium (2008-02-20). The Citizendium Makes it Easier for Authors to Submit Articles. Press release. Retrieved on 2014-07-03.

{{cite press release
  | title = HFPA Announces Timetable fo…
  | publisher = [[Hollywood Foreign P…]]
  | date = 2006-05-25
  | url = http://www.hfpa.org/news/id/32
  | accessdate = 2014-06-13 }}

Hollywood Foreign Press Association (2006-05-25). HFPA Announces Timetable for 64th Annual Golden Globe Awards. Press release. Retrieved on 2014-06-13.

video {{cite video}}
people
title
{{cite video
  | people =
  | title =
  | medium =
  | publisher =
  | location =
  | date =  }}
{{cite video
  | people = Hitchcock, Alfre…
  | title = [http://explore.b…]
  | medium = Film
  | publisher = Hitchcock, Al…
  | location = United States
  | date = 1958 }}

Hitchcock, Alfred (director). (1958). Alfred Hitchcock [Film production]. United States: Hitchcock, Alfred.

{{cite video
  | people = Dick Cavett
  | title = The Dick Cavett Show — Rock…
  | medium = DVD
  | publisher = Shout Factory
  | date = 2005 }}

Dick Cavett. (2005). The Dick Cavett Show — Rock Icons (1969) [DVD]. Shout Factory.

television or radio
 episode
{{cite episode}}
title
{{cite episode
 | title = 
 | episodelink = 
 | series = 
 | serieslink = 
 | airdate = 
 | season = 
 | number = }}
{{cite episode
 | title = Tabula Rasa
 | episodelink = Tabula Rasa …
 | series = Lost
 | serieslink = Lost (TV Seri…
 | airdate = October 6, 2…
 | season = 1
 | number = 3 }}

Template:Cite episode

{{cite episode
  | title = Duet
  | episodelink = Duet (Stargate Atlant…
  | series = Stargate Atlantis
  | serieslink = Stargate Atlantis
  | airdate = August 5, 2005
  | season = 2
  | number = 4 }}

Template:Cite episode

court case {{cite court}}
{{cite court
  |litigants=
  |vol=
  |reporter=
  |opinion=
  |pinpoint=
  |court=
  |date=
  |url= }}
{{cite court
  |litigants=Roe v. Wade
  |vol=410
  |reporter=U.S.
  |opinion=113
  |pinpoint=
  |court=
  |date=1973
  |url=http://www.law.corn… }}

Roe v. Wade,  410 U.S. 113 (1973)

map {{cite map}}
publisher
title
edition
{{cite map
  |publisher=
  |title= 
  |url= 
  |edition=
  |section=
  |accessdate= }}
{{cite map
  |publisher=Kansas Departmen…
  |title=Official State Trans…
  |url=http://www.ksdot.org/b… 
  |edition=2005-2006
  |section=F9 
  |accessdate=2014-03-30 }}

Template:Cite map

{{cite map 
  |publisher=Skelly Oil Company 
  |title=Highway Map of Oklahoma 
  |cartography=Diversified Map Co 
  |edition=1966 
  |section=11C }}

Template:Cite map

mailing list {{cite mailing list}}
title
url
{{cite mailing list
  | last =
  | first =
  | authorlink =
  | title =
  | mailinglist =
  | date =
  | url =
  | accessdate =  }}
{{cite mailing list
  |last=Murdock
  |first=Ian
  |authorlink=Ian Murdock
  |title=Debian GNU/Linux 0.9…
  |mailinglist=debian-announce
  |date=1995-10-26
  |url=http://lists.debian.or…
  |accessdate=2014-04-20 }}

Template:Cite mailing list


Comic/cartoon citations and other notes
What to type What it makes
{{Comic book reference | writer=[[Stan Lee|Lee, Stan]] | penciller=[[Jack Kirby|Kirby, Jack]] | inker=[[Christopher Rule|Rule, Christopher]] | story=The Fantastic Four! | title=[[The Fantastic Four]] | volume=1 | issue=1 | date=November, 1961 | publisher=[[Marvel Comics]] | page=3 | panel=2 }}
Notes
  • This template allows for a cartoonist field to be used instead of the individual fields if there is a sole creator, as in Bone, or an artist field if the penciller and inker is the same person.
  • The style of this template is based on Allen Ellis' Comic Art in Scholarly Writing: A Citation Guide, 1999.
  • See the talk page for more details and field explanations.
Template:Comic book reference
{{Comic strip reference | cartoonist=[[Milton Caniff|Caniff, Milton]] | strip=[[Steve Canyon]] | paper=Journal Herald | location=Dayton, OH | date=July 15, 1967 | supplement=Color Comics Supplement | syndicate=Newspaper Syndicate | page=1 }}
Notes
Template:Comic strip reference
{{Editorial cartoon reference | cartoonist=[[Steve Bell|Bell, Steve]] | cartoon=The alleged al-Qaida threat to Los Angeles | paper=The Guardian | date=10 February | year=2006 | page=29 | url=http://www.guardian.co.uk/cartoons/stevebell/0,,1706884,00.html}}
Notes
Template:Editorial cartoon reference
Harvard citation examples ( Template:Harvard citation)

Based on related Harvard citation template (automatically creates a one-directional link to the first matching Harvard reference on the same page):

  • {{Harvard citation|Turner|1851|pp=10–11}} (full cite format)
  • {{Harv|Smith|1879|p=289}} (short format)
  • {{Harvtxt|Turner|1851}} asserts that ... (author's name part of text)
  • {{Harvnb|Smith|1879}} (no braces)
  • {{Harv|Jones|2006|loc=section 5|Ref=none}} (non-linking)
  • {{Harv|Lincoln|Washington|Adams|2007|pp=88–89}} (multi-author)

Three Harvcol templates are altered to use colons to indicate page numbers. Their syntax is identical to the Harvard citation template:

Notes
  • For compatibility with various author-name referencing styles, Surname and Year are mandatory.
  • If there is only one author, the parameters Surname and Given may be replaced with Last and First, respectively.
  • Template is generally compatible with Template:Cite book, but this lacks the linking functionality provided by Template:Citation.

Harvcol templates


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