Bitis xeropaga

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Bitis xeropaga
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Viperidae
Subfamily: Viperinae
Genus: Bitis
Species: B. xeropaga
Binomial name
Bitis xeropaga
Haacke, 1975
  • Bitis peringueyi - Nieden, 1913
  • Bitis caudalis caudalis - Mertens, 1958
  • Bitis xeropaga - Haacke, 1975[1]

Common names: Desert mountain adder.[2][3][4]  

Bitis xeropaga is a venomous viper species found in southern Namibia and north-western Cape Province in South Africa. No subspecies are currently recognized.[5]


Adults average 40-50 cm in length, with a maximum of 61 cm for a female.[2][3]

Geographic range

Found in north-western Cape Province in South Africa and the arid mountains of the lower Orange River basin, north into to southern Namibia and Great Namaqualand as far as Aus. The type locality given is "Dreilammberg on north bank of Orange River, Lüderitz district, South West Africa [Namibia] (16°52'E, 28°05'S, alt. about 300 m)."[1]

See also

Cited references

  1. 1.0 1.1 McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. 2.0 2.1 Mallow D, Ludwig D, Nilson G. 2003. True Vipers: Natural History and Toxinology of Old World Vipers. Krieger Publishing Company, Malabar, Florida. 359 pp. ISBN 0-89464-877-2.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Spawls S, Branch B. 1995. The Dangerous Snakes of Africa. Ralph Curtis Books. Dubai: Oriental Press. 192 pp. ISBN 0-88359-029-8.
  4. Species Bitis xeropaga at the Species2000 Database
  5. Bitis xeropaga (TSN 634952) at Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Accessed 5 April 2007.

External links