Bitis rubida

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Bitis rubida
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Viperidae
Subfamily: Viperinae
Genus: Bitis
Species: B. rubida
Binomial name
Bitis rubida
Branch, 1997
  • Bitis inornata - FitzSimons, 1946
  • Bitis cornuta albanica - FitzSimons, 1962
  • Bitis cornuta cornuta - Haacke, 1975
  • Bitis cornuta cornuta - Visser, 1979
  • Bitis caudalis - Visser, 1979
  • Bitis cornuta inorata - Broadley, 1983
  • Bitis inornata - Branch, 1988
  • Bitis inornata - Branch, 1988 (!)
  • Bitis cornuta albanica - Broadley, 1990
  • Bitis inornata - M. Burger, 1992
  • B[itis]. cornuta albanica - M. Burger, 1992
  • B[itis]. inornata - M. Burger, 1993
  • B[itis]. cornuta albanica - M. Burger, 1993
  • Bitis inornata - Spawls & Branch, 1995
  • Bitis inornata - Branch & Bauer, 1995
  • Bitis rubida - Branch, 1997[1]

Common names: red adder.[2]  
Bitis rubida is a venomous viper species found only in Western Cape Province, South Africa. No subspecies are currently recognized.[3]


Maximum recorded lengths are 41.9 cm for females and 37.7 cm for males.[2]

Geographic range

Several isolated populations in the northern Cape Fold Mountains and inland escarpment in Western Cape Province, South Africa. The type locality given is "Jeep track above Farm Driehoek, Cederberg Mountains, Western Cape Province, South Africa; 32°25'44"S, 19°12'30"E, alt. 1380 m; 3219AC."[1]

See also

Cited references

  1. 1.0 1.1 McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. 2.0 2.1 Mallow D, Ludwig D, Nilson G. 2003. True Vipers: Natural History and Toxinology of Old World Vipers. Krieger Publishing Company, Malabar, Florida. 359 pp. ISBN 0-89464-877-2.
  3. Bitis rubida (TSN 634959) at Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Accessed 5 April 2007.

External links