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Battery (military unit)

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A battery is the traditional basic sub-unit of artillery formations. The most basic is the firing battery, which contains some number of cannon, multiple rocket launchers, or guided missile launchers that will fire together; there are typically 4-8 such pieces. It is usually commanded by a captain.

Other batteries may carry out specialized artillery functions such as target acquisition, ammunition supply, and maintenance. There is apt to be a headquarters battery in an artillery battalion.

Batteries may be assigned in direct support of a maneuver unit (e.g., infantry or armor). In such cases, they will depend on the supported unit for supply and maintenance. Otherwise, batteries in general support are usually organized as battalions.