From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
Axon: The part of a nerve cell, along which action potentials travel to synapses linking them to neighbouring cells.
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- Nervous system : The control unit of bodily functions in animals.
- Neuroscience : The study of nervous systems and their components.
- Neuron : An excitable cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses.
- Myelin : The proteinaceous material constituting most of the insulating sheath that surrounds the axons of nerve cells.
- Synapse : Contact point between neurons and other cells, crucial for nerve signalling
- Dendrite : A long, thin extension of the cell body of a neuron that is specialised to receive afferent input from other neurons.
- Soma (neuron) : Add brief definition or description
- Glia : Add brief definition or description
- Synaptic plasticity : Add brief definition or description
- Synaptic pruning : The usage-controlled loss of connections between nerve cells during brain development.
- Neurogenesis : The formation of nerve cells from neural progenitor cells by means of cell division.
- Neuronal migration : The process by which nerve cells travel from the place of their last cell division to their final position in the brain.
- White matter : A subset of brain tissue whose volume is dominated by myelinated axons of nerve cells.
- Nerve fibre : The axon of a nerve cell.
- Fibre tracking : Add brief definition or description