Army Airspace Command and Control

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Before the restructuring of the United States Army, the division was the key operational command level, and the Army Airspace Command and Control (A2C2) system was the means of controlling all subordinate Army aviation assets. [1]. Prior to the restructuring, control of air assets at the brigade level were ad hoc[2]

With restructuring to make Brigade Combat Teams (BCT) the primary operational level, A2C2 becomes relevant only when a deployment is large enough to need the division level of command and control. At such times, A2C2 would indeed be relevant, but its current structure does not reflect new capabilities at BCT level, such as the ADAM cell. ADAM cells are brigade-level functions, with personnel from aviation and air defense artillery, originally charged with deconflicting friendly air operations, as well as artillery fires, in the brigade area of operations. Counter-rocket, artillery, and mortar (C-RAM) functions have been added to the air defense responsibility, and the ADAM cell as well as C-RAM rely on the Forward Area Air Defense (FAAD) system.

References

  1. U.S. Department of the Army (7 October 1987), Field Manual 100-103, Army airspace command and control in a combat zone, FM 100-103
  2. FM 100-103, Chapter 4, "Army Airspace Command and Control Elements"