Albert Wohlstetter (1913-1997) applied mathematical logic to strategic policy issues at the RAND Corporation in the 1950s and 1960s, and then a political scientist at the University of Chicago until he retired in 1980. His wife was the equally distinguished analyst Roberta Wohlstetter (1912-2007); they met as law students, briefly studying law to please their parents; his original scholarship was in modern dance,  but they collaborated in the ballet of nuclear war.
He certainly was involved with neoconservatives, but was not considered a major part of the neoconservative movement. He was, however, a "hard-line" Reaganite opposed to Henry Kissinger's models of detente.  Among those who consider him an intellectual mentor are:
- Ahmed Chalabi
- Zalmay Khalizad
- Richard Perle, a classmate of the Wohlstetters' daughter, who writes of listening spellbound at their swimming pool
- Paul Wolfowitz, who was a student at the University of Chicago, and who regarded Wohlstetter as more of an influence than Leo Strauss.
One of his first contributions was to establish that medium-range bombers, positioned around the periphery of the Soviet Union, were both vulnerable and destabilizing. He led a shift to a combination of intercontinental ballistic missiles and long-range, US-based bombers that could be launched on warning, but recalled using the "Fail-Safe" doctrine.
He rejected the pure nuclear retaliation doctrine, and emphasized both flexible response, and the idea of a hardened second-strike force that remained credible after the worst possible attack. His emphasis on survivability did not mean he accepted Mutual Assured Deterrence, which held populations hostage; he rejected it in favor of increasingly accurate weapons for counterforce. While the technology for precision-guided munitions was not available when he did his early work, the capability was very much one he considered desirable.
Wohlstetter was dubious about nuclear nonproliferation in a world with dual-use technology. He distrusted the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, for reasons centered around the difficulty of verification, much as did George Kistiakowsky.
- Neil Swidey (May 18, 2003), "The analyst: Strategy guru Albert Wohlstetter spent decades arguing for military flexibility and precision targeting. But have his Washington disciples learned his real lessons?", Boston Globe
- Robert Zarate, Henry D. Sokolski., ed. (January 2009), Nuclear Heuristics: Selected Writings of Albert and Roberta Wohlstetter, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College
- Francis Fukuyama (2006), America at the Crossroads: Democracy, Power, and the Neoconservative Legacy, Yale University Press, ISBN 0300113994,p. 31-35
- Albert Wohlstetter (December 1958), The Delicate Balance of Terror, RAND Corporation, P-1472