Afghan Security Forces

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For more information, see: Afghanistan War (2001-).
See also: International Security Assistance Force
See also: United States Forces-Afghanistan
See also: Afghan and Pakistani local forces

Afghan Security Forces consist of both national level units, often distributed regionally, and an increasing number of local units under local control. In the culture, both are needed.

Afghan National Army

The Afghan National Army is comprised of five corps, which are brigade to division sized units in Western terms:

Attached to each corps is an Afghan Regional Security Integration Command (ARSIC). Each ARSIC is comprised of a Regional Police Advisory Command (RPAC) and a Regional Corps Advisory Command (RCAC). The RPAC is responsible for training, coaching and mentoring all organizations of the Afghan National Police. The RCAC has the same function for the ANA corps and below.[1]

Afghan Police

The Afghan National Police are built around two basic types of officers, Uniform Police and Border Police. As opposed to past practice, all share a common initial training, which is given at seven Regional Training Centers, a Central Training Center, and the Kabul Police Academy. The National Civil Order Police Training Center, at Adraskan in Farah Province, has a capacity of 800 students in each 16-week class. [2]

76,000 police will be organized into six regional commands, the 34 provinces, and 365 districts, with Regional and Provincial and Operational Coordination Centers linked to the Ministry of Interior National Police Coordination Center (NPCC) and the Ministry of Defense command center. District by district, the plan is for them to go through an upgrading process:

  1. A District Assessment and Reform Team, with members from the Ministry of Interior, Attorney General’s Office, International Security Assistance Force Regional Command, Afghan Regional Security Integration Command, EUPOL, UNAMA, and other agencies, spends 60 days evaluating the district and setting goals.
  2. Once the goals are set, the Uniformed Police go, as a unit, for 10-day retraining and reorganization at a Regional Training Center. A National Civil Order Police unit relieves them while the retraining is in progress. Another 8 weeks are spent in renovating police facilities and re-equipping the local unit.
  3. The reformed District Police, over a week, return to their home location.
  4. Police Mentor Teams spend at least four months monitoring performance and training in place.
  5. ISAF Provincial Reconstruction Teams provide continued observatio and mentoring.

The Border Police, with an authorized strength of 17,767, are organized into five regions matching the five Afghan National Army regions bordering Afghanistan, and 33 battalions, and 135 companies within them.

Local units

For more information, see: Afghan and Pakistani local forces.

References

  1. CSTC-A Mission Fact Sheet on Afghanistan Regional Security Integration Command, Combined Security Transition Command - Afghanistan
  2. CJ Radin (February 26, 2009), "Afghan Police Update: February 2009", Long War Journal