Aerospace surveillance/Related Articles
From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
Aerospace surveillance: The broad problem, with civilian, research, and military specializations, of detecting, identifying, and possibly tracking objects above the ground, in a range of altitudes appropriate to the need
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- Aerospace engineering : The branch of engineering that concerns aircraft, spacecraft, and related topics.
- Air Traffic Control : A system for managing the safe operation of large numbers of aircraft in shared airspace, day or night, and in almost all weather, keeping the aircraft managed by positive control from a network of interconnected ground stations
- Air Defense Identification Zone : At the most generic, an area in which security authority make special requirements for identification and access of aircraft; most often the 200-mile zone, similar to an ocean Exclusive Economic Zone, from a nation's coast, beyond its coastal waters, to a point in space — unidentified aircraft in this area may be intercepted by fighters and turned away, or fired upon, if considered a threat; controversial when applied to intelligence collection aircraft that do not present an immediate threat
- Ballistic missile defense : A combination of sensors, command and control systems, and missile/warhead kill mechanisms that protect a region, or, in the case of the U.S., theaters of operations as well as the nation proper.
- Cruise missile defense : A set of techniques for detecting, tracking, and neutralizing cruise missiles and their launching platforms. The techniques involved include sensors, and both kinetic and nonkinetic mechanisms for disrupting the missiles and their launchers.
- Integrated air defense system : An air defense that combines radar, anti-aircraft artillery, surface-to-air missiles, and fighter aircraft, presenting multiple layers of defense under systematic command and control
- Space surveillance : For military and research purposes, the technology of detecting, identifying and tracking objects above the Earth's atmosphere, principally at distances associated with satellite orbits although extended to ballistic missile defense and such early concepts as detecting large objects representing impact hazards
- ADAM cell : Airspace management component of a U.S. Army Brigade Combat Team, principally made up of Army aviation and air defense artillery specialists, who focus on the space directly over the brigade's area of operation
- Deconfliction : The process of avoiding mutual interference, or destruction, among resources under one's control
- Electro-optical tracking : The use of electronics, possibly in combination with mechanical positioning systems, to aim an optical system at a source of infrared, visible, or ultraviolet light, and follow it for purposes of observation or weapons guidance
- Radar : (acronym for "radio detection and ranging") A technique used for detecting and tracking targets, navigation, imagery, and special applications.
- Transponder : A device, used in navigation, air traffic control, Safety of Life at Sea, and military operations (e.g., Identification-friend-or-foe which, when interrogated by an appropriate radio or radar signal, replies with its identification and other relevant navigation data