Action potential/Related Articles
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- Brain : The core unit of a central nervous system.
- Cell membrane : The outer surface of a cell which encloses its contents.
- Cerebellum : The small brain — a part of the hindbrain in vertebrates.
- Cocaine : A crystalline tropane alkaloid that is obtained from the leaves of the coca plant, that is both a stimulant of the central nervous system and an appetite suppressant; it is also a local anesthetic primarily used in otolaryngology
- Connectionism : An approach in the fields of artificial intelligence, cognitive science, neuroscience, psychology and philosophy of mind which models mental or behavioral phenomena as the emergent processes of interconnected networks of simple units.
- Ear : The organ that detects sound.
- Length constant : Constant used in neurobiology for measuring the passive spread of Na+ current through the axon of a nerve membrane.
- List of biology topics : Add brief definition or description
- Magnocellular neurosecretory cell : Large neuroendocrine neuron in the supraoptic nucleus and paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus that projects to the posterior pituitary gland.
- Myelin : The proteinaceous material constituting most of the insulating sheath that surrounds the axons of nerve cells.
- N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor : Ionotropic glutamate receptor for controlling synaptic plasticity and memory function.
- Neuron : An excitable cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses.
- Neurotransmitter : A class of chemicals which relay, amplify or modulate electrical signals between a neuron and other cells in the nervous system.
- Orch-OR : A speculative theory of consciousness proposed in the mid-1990s by British theoretical physicist Sir Roger Penrose and American anesthesiologist Stuart Hameroff.
- Oxytocin : A mammalian hormone that is secreted into the bloodstream from the posterior pituitary gland, and which is also released into the brain where it has effects on social behaviors.
- Potassium : A very reactive, silvery white alkali metal, chemical element 19 with symbol K.
- Resting potential : Potential difference between the two sides of the membrane of a nerve cell when the cell is not conducting an impulse, the resting potential for a neuron being between 50 and 100 millivolts.
- Shunting : An event in the neuron which occurs when an excitatory postsynaptic potential and an inhibitory postsynaptic potential are occurring close to each other on a dendrite.
- Spatial summation : A way of achieving action potential in a neuron which involves input from multiple cells.
- Suprachiasmatic nucleus : An agregation of neurons in the hypothalamus, located above the optic chiasm, that regulates circadian rhythms.
- Synapse : Contact point between neurons and other cells, crucial for nerve signalling
- Systems biology : The study of biological systems as a whole.
- Temporal summation : Effect of repeated stimulation of one presynaptic neurone on the response of a post-synaptic membrane.